NGF-Dependent neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells overexpressing the Src homology 2-domain protein shb requires activation of the Rap1 pathway.Exp Cell Res. 2000 Sep 15; 259(2):370-7.EC
The Src homology 2 (SH2) domain adaptor protein Shb has been shown to transmit NGF- and FGF-2-dependent differentiation signals in PC12 cells. To study if this involves signaling through the small GTPase Rap1, Rap1 activity was assessed in Shb-overexpressing PC12 cells. We demonstrate that NGF and EGF induce Rap1 activation in PC12-Shb cells, while FGF-2 fails to do so. However, PC12 cells expressing Shb with an inactivated SH2 domain do not respond to NGF stimulation with Rap1 activation. The CrkII SH2 domain interacts with Shb and a 130- to 135-kDa phosphotyrosine protein present mainly in PC12-Shb cells and these interactions may thus relate to the effect of Shb on Rap1 activation. Transient expression of RalGDS-RBD or Rap1GAP to block the Rap1 pathway reduces the NGF-dependent neurite outgrowth in PC12-Shb cells. These results suggest a role of Shb in NGF-dependent Rap1 signaling and this pathway may be of significance for neurite outgrowth under certain conditions.