Cytochrome c(553), a small heme protein that lacks misligation in its unfolded state, folds with rapid two-state kinetics.J Mol Biol. 2000 Aug 25; 301(4):769-73.JM
Cytochrome c(553) (cyt c(553)) from Desulfovibrio vulgaris is a small helical heme protein that displays apparent two-state equilibrium-unfolding behavior. The covalently attached heme is low-spin, ligated by Met and His residues, in the native state but becomes high-spin upon unfolding at pH 7. Here, we show that in contrast to other c-type heme proteins, where misligations in the unfolded states are prominent, cyt c(553) refolding kinetics at pH 7 proceeds rapidly without detectable intermediates. The extrapolated folding rate constant in water for oxidized cyt c(553) matches exactly that predicted from the cyt c(553) native-state topology: 5300 s(-1)(experimental) versus 5020 s(-1) (predicted). We therefore conclude that the presence of the oxidized cofactor does not affect the intrinsic formation speed of the cyt c(553)structural motif.