Comparability of resting energy expenditure in Nigerians and U.S. blacks.Obes Res. 2000 Aug; 8(5):351-9.OR
To determine the influence of environmental factors on resting energy expenditure (REE) and its relationship to adiposity in two populations of West African origin, Nigerians and U.S. blacks.
RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES
REE and body composition were measured in a cross-sectional sample of 89 Nigerian adults (39 women and 50 men), and 181 U.S. black adults (117 women and 65 men). Both groups represent randomly selected population samples. REE was measured by indirect calorimetry after an overnight fast in both sites using the same instrument. Body composition was estimated using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in 72 Nigerians and 156 U.S. participants. Multivariate regression analysis was used to determine the significant predictors of REE. The analyses were repeated in a set of 17 Nigerians and 28 U.S. blacks in whom body composition was measured using deuterium dilution.
U.S. black adults were significantly heavier and had both more fat-free mass (FFM) and body fat than Nigerians. FFM was the only significant determinant of REE in both population groups, whether body composition was measured using BIA or deuterium dilution. The relationship between REE and body composition did not differ by site. There was no relationship between REE and adiposity.
Differences in current environmental settings did not impact REE. The differences observed in mean levels of body fat between Nigerians and U.S. blacks were not the result of differences in REE adjusted for body composition.