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Atopic diseases among adults in the two geographically related arctic areas Nikel, Russia and Sør-Varanger, Norway: possible effects of indoor and outdoor air pollution.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2000; 14(2):107-11JE

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Previous studies have shown lower prevalence of atopic diseases among adults and school-children in Eastern Europe.

OBJECTIVES

To compare the prevalence of atopic diseases among adults in two geographically related arctic areas, Nikel, Russia and Sør-Varanger, Norway. Nikel is a heavily polluted town on the Kola Peninsula.

METHODS

The prevalence of eczema, asthma and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (AR) was assessed using two identical questionnaire studies. The study in Sør-Varanger was conducted in the autumn of 1991 and comprised 1102 adults. In the spring of 1994, 3368 adults in Nikel completed the 4-page questionnaire. Results The lifetime prevalence of atopic diseases was significantly higher in Sør-Varanger than in Nikel (25.2% vs. 11.2%; P < 0.001), most pronounced for eczema (15.9% vs. 5.9%; P < 0.001) and AR (10.3% vs. 5.6%; P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of asthma between the two areas (5.6% vs. 4.9%; RR 1.1). Indoor dampness, carpeted floors and outdoor pollution were found to be significantly higher in Nikel than in Sør-Varanger (P < 0.0001). Smoking habits were different in the two areas.

CONCLUSION

Atopic diseases in Sør-Varanger were more than twice that found in Nikel. Western lifestyle and new building techniques resulting in poorly ventilated homes may be the main reasons for these differences. Other factors, such as differences in seeking medical help for physical complaints and in the social and political environment, are also suggested.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology, Tromsø University, Norway.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10972095

Citation

Dotterud, L K., et al. "Atopic Diseases Among Adults in the Two Geographically Related Arctic Areas Nikel, Russia and Sør-Varanger, Norway: Possible Effects of Indoor and Outdoor Air Pollution." Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV, vol. 14, no. 2, 2000, pp. 107-11.
Dotterud LK, Odland JO, Falk ES. Atopic diseases among adults in the two geographically related arctic areas Nikel, Russia and Sør-Varanger, Norway: possible effects of indoor and outdoor air pollution. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2000;14(2):107-11.
Dotterud, L. K., Odland, J. O., & Falk, E. S. (2000). Atopic diseases among adults in the two geographically related arctic areas Nikel, Russia and Sør-Varanger, Norway: possible effects of indoor and outdoor air pollution. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV, 14(2), pp. 107-11.
Dotterud LK, Odland JO, Falk ES. Atopic Diseases Among Adults in the Two Geographically Related Arctic Areas Nikel, Russia and Sør-Varanger, Norway: Possible Effects of Indoor and Outdoor Air Pollution. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2000;14(2):107-11. PubMed PMID: 10972095.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Atopic diseases among adults in the two geographically related arctic areas Nikel, Russia and Sør-Varanger, Norway: possible effects of indoor and outdoor air pollution. AU - Dotterud,L K, AU - Odland,J O, AU - Falk,E S, PY - 2000/9/6/pubmed PY - 2001/2/28/medline PY - 2000/9/6/entrez SP - 107 EP - 11 JF - Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV JO - J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol VL - 14 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown lower prevalence of atopic diseases among adults and school-children in Eastern Europe. OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of atopic diseases among adults in two geographically related arctic areas, Nikel, Russia and Sør-Varanger, Norway. Nikel is a heavily polluted town on the Kola Peninsula. METHODS: The prevalence of eczema, asthma and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (AR) was assessed using two identical questionnaire studies. The study in Sør-Varanger was conducted in the autumn of 1991 and comprised 1102 adults. In the spring of 1994, 3368 adults in Nikel completed the 4-page questionnaire. Results The lifetime prevalence of atopic diseases was significantly higher in Sør-Varanger than in Nikel (25.2% vs. 11.2%; P < 0.001), most pronounced for eczema (15.9% vs. 5.9%; P < 0.001) and AR (10.3% vs. 5.6%; P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of asthma between the two areas (5.6% vs. 4.9%; RR 1.1). Indoor dampness, carpeted floors and outdoor pollution were found to be significantly higher in Nikel than in Sør-Varanger (P < 0.0001). Smoking habits were different in the two areas. CONCLUSION: Atopic diseases in Sør-Varanger were more than twice that found in Nikel. Western lifestyle and new building techniques resulting in poorly ventilated homes may be the main reasons for these differences. Other factors, such as differences in seeking medical help for physical complaints and in the social and political environment, are also suggested. SN - 0926-9959 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10972095/Atopic_diseases_among_adults_in_the_two_geographically_related_arctic_areas_Nikel_Russia_and_Sør_Varanger_Norway:_possible_effects_of_indoor_and_outdoor_air_pollution_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&amp;sid=nlm:pubmed&amp;issn=0926-9959&amp;date=2000&amp;volume=14&amp;issue=2&amp;spage=107 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -