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[Chemical disturbance of the phytoplankton structure in an artificial pond (Guaicaipuru, Edo. Miranda, Venezuela)].
Acta Cient Venez. 1999; 50(4):195-200.AC

Abstract

When an ecosystem is disturbed, it reverts to an early successional state, characterized by changes in community structure and function, that can be anticipated as response to stress. The purpose of this paper was to check the effect of a disturbance caused by application of chemical compound (Copper Sulfate, to 100 micrograms L-1 granular of 92%) on the phytoplankton community in a pond located in Guaicaipuro, Edo. Miranda (Venezuela), and compare the diversity and composition of the community before and after the chemical application. An additional purpose was, to test the Odum's hypothesis about the community response to chemical stress. The chemical compound was apply in different random points to assure homogeneous distribution in the water body. Only one application of the chemical was used 6 hours after the first sample was taken. Dissolved oxygen in surface and depth were measured. In order to estimate the diversity and composition of phytoplankton community, samples were taken in 5 random points of the pond, until a 2 liter sample was completed in an intermediary basis, during 30 days in the beginning of rainy season, between june and july of 1994. Oxygen showed a maximum value at surface of 9.3 mg O2/L and minimal value at depth (2.3 mg O2/L). Species richness varied between 4 and 18. Phytoplankton community varied between 7.1 x 10(4) and 7.8 x 10(6) cel/L, and diversity index between 0.12 and 1.39. Oxygen, species richness and phytoplankton minimal values were noticed at the fifth day after chemical application. Before chemical application, phytoplankton community was dominated by filamentous microalgae, especially Chlorophyta. After the fifth day, this group decreased in abundance and species number. On the seventh day small-size Cyanobacteria became dominant, particularly Chroococcoid forms. The community reverted to an early stage of ecological succession. Since the ninth day, community showed the following abundance sequence: Chrysophyta, Pyrrophyta, Bacillariophyta, and Euglenophyta, with an increased species richness. At the end of the study period, filamentous Chlorophyta species appeared. These results support Odum's hypothesis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universidad Central de Venezuela, Facultad de Ciencias, Instituto de Zoología Tropical, Caracas, Distrito Federal.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

spa

PubMed ID

10974709

Citation

González, F, and E Zoppi de Roa. "[Chemical Disturbance of the Phytoplankton Structure in an Artificial Pond (Guaicaipuru, Edo. Miranda, Venezuela)]." Acta Cientifica Venezolana, vol. 50, no. 4, 1999, pp. 195-200.
González F, Zoppi de Roa E. [Chemical disturbance of the phytoplankton structure in an artificial pond (Guaicaipuru, Edo. Miranda, Venezuela)]. Acta Cient Venez. 1999;50(4):195-200.
González, F., & Zoppi de Roa, E. (1999). [Chemical disturbance of the phytoplankton structure in an artificial pond (Guaicaipuru, Edo. Miranda, Venezuela)]. Acta Cientifica Venezolana, 50(4), 195-200.
González F, Zoppi de Roa E. [Chemical Disturbance of the Phytoplankton Structure in an Artificial Pond (Guaicaipuru, Edo. Miranda, Venezuela)]. Acta Cient Venez. 1999;50(4):195-200. PubMed PMID: 10974709.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Chemical disturbance of the phytoplankton structure in an artificial pond (Guaicaipuru, Edo. Miranda, Venezuela)]. AU - González,F, AU - Zoppi de Roa,E, PY - 2000/9/7/pubmed PY - 2000/9/23/medline PY - 2000/9/7/entrez SP - 195 EP - 200 JF - Acta cientifica venezolana JO - Acta Cient Venez VL - 50 IS - 4 N2 - When an ecosystem is disturbed, it reverts to an early successional state, characterized by changes in community structure and function, that can be anticipated as response to stress. The purpose of this paper was to check the effect of a disturbance caused by application of chemical compound (Copper Sulfate, to 100 micrograms L-1 granular of 92%) on the phytoplankton community in a pond located in Guaicaipuro, Edo. Miranda (Venezuela), and compare the diversity and composition of the community before and after the chemical application. An additional purpose was, to test the Odum's hypothesis about the community response to chemical stress. The chemical compound was apply in different random points to assure homogeneous distribution in the water body. Only one application of the chemical was used 6 hours after the first sample was taken. Dissolved oxygen in surface and depth were measured. In order to estimate the diversity and composition of phytoplankton community, samples were taken in 5 random points of the pond, until a 2 liter sample was completed in an intermediary basis, during 30 days in the beginning of rainy season, between june and july of 1994. Oxygen showed a maximum value at surface of 9.3 mg O2/L and minimal value at depth (2.3 mg O2/L). Species richness varied between 4 and 18. Phytoplankton community varied between 7.1 x 10(4) and 7.8 x 10(6) cel/L, and diversity index between 0.12 and 1.39. Oxygen, species richness and phytoplankton minimal values were noticed at the fifth day after chemical application. Before chemical application, phytoplankton community was dominated by filamentous microalgae, especially Chlorophyta. After the fifth day, this group decreased in abundance and species number. On the seventh day small-size Cyanobacteria became dominant, particularly Chroococcoid forms. The community reverted to an early stage of ecological succession. Since the ninth day, community showed the following abundance sequence: Chrysophyta, Pyrrophyta, Bacillariophyta, and Euglenophyta, with an increased species richness. At the end of the study period, filamentous Chlorophyta species appeared. These results support Odum's hypothesis. SN - 0001-5504 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10974709/[Chemical_disturbance_of_the_phytoplankton_structure_in_an_artificial_pond__Guaicaipuru_Edo__Miranda_Venezuela_]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -