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Clinical anatomy of the popliteal blood vessels.
Clin Anat. 2000; 13(5):347-53.CA

Abstract

The surgical management of venous injuries in the popliteal fossa is a contested issue. The basic options are ligation or repair. Most anatomy textbooks briefly describe a single popliteal vein, and the literature contains few references on venous patterns in this region. Although the primary objective of this study was to analyze venous variability in 52 dissected cadaveric popliteal fossae and 63 venograms, data were also collected on the popliteal artery. Nine groups (A-I) were designated regarding the manner of formation of the popliteal vein. These groupings were based primarily on differences in the union of the anterior tibial, posterior tibial, and fibular (peroneal) veins to form medial and lateral (popliteal) veins, and whether these two veins fused to form a singular popliteal vein proximal or distal to the transverse plane at the level of the distal edge of the femoral condyles (FC). In the majority of the dissections and venograms, multiple veins crossed the FC, and the medial vein was larger in diameter than the lateral vein. Two patterns of popliteal artery termination were observed based on differences in the site of origin of the fibular artery. The results were compared with anatomy and vascular surgery textbook descriptions and sparse literature reports on vascular variations in the popliteal fossa. It is hoped that these data will benefit surgeons performing procedures in this region.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pathology, St. Joseph's Hospital, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10982994

Citation

Cross, L, et al. "Clinical Anatomy of the Popliteal Blood Vessels." Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), vol. 13, no. 5, 2000, pp. 347-53.
Cross L, Hall J, Howdieshell TR, et al. Clinical anatomy of the popliteal blood vessels. Clin Anat. 2000;13(5):347-53.
Cross, L., Hall, J., Howdieshell, T. R., Colborn, G. L., & Gale, T. F. (2000). Clinical anatomy of the popliteal blood vessels. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 13(5), 347-53.
Cross L, et al. Clinical Anatomy of the Popliteal Blood Vessels. Clin Anat. 2000;13(5):347-53. PubMed PMID: 10982994.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Clinical anatomy of the popliteal blood vessels. AU - Cross,L, AU - Hall,J, AU - Howdieshell,T R, AU - Colborn,G L, AU - Gale,T F, PY - 2000/9/13/pubmed PY - 2001/2/28/medline PY - 2000/9/13/entrez SP - 347 EP - 53 JF - Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.) JO - Clin Anat VL - 13 IS - 5 N2 - The surgical management of venous injuries in the popliteal fossa is a contested issue. The basic options are ligation or repair. Most anatomy textbooks briefly describe a single popliteal vein, and the literature contains few references on venous patterns in this region. Although the primary objective of this study was to analyze venous variability in 52 dissected cadaveric popliteal fossae and 63 venograms, data were also collected on the popliteal artery. Nine groups (A-I) were designated regarding the manner of formation of the popliteal vein. These groupings were based primarily on differences in the union of the anterior tibial, posterior tibial, and fibular (peroneal) veins to form medial and lateral (popliteal) veins, and whether these two veins fused to form a singular popliteal vein proximal or distal to the transverse plane at the level of the distal edge of the femoral condyles (FC). In the majority of the dissections and venograms, multiple veins crossed the FC, and the medial vein was larger in diameter than the lateral vein. Two patterns of popliteal artery termination were observed based on differences in the site of origin of the fibular artery. The results were compared with anatomy and vascular surgery textbook descriptions and sparse literature reports on vascular variations in the popliteal fossa. It is hoped that these data will benefit surgeons performing procedures in this region. SN - 0897-3806 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10982994/Clinical_anatomy_of_the_popliteal_blood_vessels_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-2353(2000)13:5<347::AID-CA4>3.0.CO;2-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -