Effects of Gn-RH, TRH, and CRF administration on plasma leptin levels in lean and obese women.Neuropeptides. 2000 Apr; 34(2):89-97.N
Leptin, a hormone which is produced by adipose tissue, has been shown to inhibit food intake, increase energy expenditure and influence the function of hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal, -thyroid, and -adrenal systems. We have examined the association between leptin concentrations (RIA method) and levels of different hormones using standard Gn-RH, TRH and CRF tests (at 0, 30, 60, and 120 min) in regularly menstruating 10 lean and 10 obese premenopausal women in follicular phase. FSH, LH, estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) concentrations in Gn-RH test; TSH, PRL, fT3, fT4 in TRH test; ACTH, DHEA-S, cortisol in CRF test were measured by RIA, ELISA or IRMA methods. The obese subjects had thicker four skinfolds, higher fat content in the body, and bigger BMI, compared to the lean females. Gn-RH test: We have noted higher basal leptin values in obese women than in lean subjects, which was stable during the Gn-RH test. In the same blood specimen, basal insulin concentrations did not differ between the tested groups of patients. There were no correlations between E(2), P, or gonadotropins and plasma leptin concentrations between both groups of patients. We have revealed the negative correlation between LH mobilization (maximal incremental values over basal levels; Delta%) and baseline leptin concentrations in all observed subjects. TRH test: In both groups of patients the leptin levels decreased at 120 min of TRH administration. We have noted diminished PRL and TSH mobilisation in obese subjects in comparison to the controls. In all females (n = 20) the correlations between TSH or PRL mobilization and BMI, skinfold thickness and the mass of body fat in kg were negative. In obese subjects only we observed the positive correlations between fT(3)concentrations at 60 and 120 min of the test or Delta% of fT(3)and leptin levels. CRF test: In obese females, we noted higher basal ACTH and cortisol concentrations with decreased mobilization (Delta%) of ACTH or cortisol, as compared to the controls. Basal leptin values were also higher in obese women comparing controls and did not significantly change within 2 h after CRF injection. In all the observed subjects (n = 20), we noted positive correlations between baseline values of leptin and ACTH, as well as negative correlation between basal concentrations of leptin and mobilisation of cortisol. The obtained results show that the hypothalamic neuropeptides may influence leptin secretion in humans.