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Trypsinogen-like cDNAs and quantitative analysis of mRNA levels from the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella.
Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2000 Nov; 30(11):1027-35.IB

Abstract

Two cDNA fragments encoding full-length trypsinogen-like proteins were cloned from larvae of two strains (RC688s and HD198r) of the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner), which differed in their sensitivity to Bacillus thuringiensis protoxins. One cDNA fragment contained 874 nucleotides, including a 780-nucleotide open reading frame that encoded a trypsinogen-like protein (PiT2b). Another cDNA fragment amplified from both P. interpunctella strains contained 864 nucleotides including a 780 bp open reading frame encoding a second trypsinogen-like protein (PiT2c). The cDNA sequence of PiT2b shared 89% sequence identity with PiT2a, a trypsinogen-like protein cloned previously from this species. The cDNA sequences of PiT2a and PiT2c shared 83% identity. The cDNA sequence identity between PiT2b and PiT2c was 80%. The cDNA for PiT2b from strain RC688s was different at six nucleotide positions from that of PiT2b from strain HD198r. Five nucleotide replacements occurred in the open reading frame leading to amino acid changes at all five positions. There were five nucleotide differences in the cDNAs for PiT2c trypsinogen-like proteins from the two strains. Two nucleotide substitutions in the open reading frame resulted in replacements of two amino acid residues in the deduced protein sequences. Amino acid sequences for PiT2a and PiT2b shared 84% identity, but only 50% identity was observed between PiT2c and the other two trypsinogen-like proteins. The deduced amino acid sequences for PiT2b and PiT2c included both signal and zymogen activation peptides and amino acid sequence motifs which are conserved in seven homologous trypsinogen-like proteins from other insects. Typical features of the putative trypsinogen-like proteins from P. interpunctella included the serine proteinase active site triad (His(81), Asp(133), and Ser(233)), three pairs of cysteine residues for disulfide bridges, and three residues, Asp(227), Gly(250), and Gly(260), that help to confer trypsin-like specificity to the enzymes. Quantitative RT-PCR analyses showed that, in fourth instar larvae, RC688s had 1.6-fold higher PiT2a trypsinogen-like mRNA than did HD198r. Expression of PiT2b mRNA was 3.4-fold higher in HD198r than in RC688s. Expression of PiT2c mRNA was 2.8-fold higher in RC688s than in HD198r. Mean accumulation levels of mRNAs for all three trypsinogen-like proteins were slightly higher in RC688s than in HD198r based on total RNA, and 1.3-fold higher in RC688s than in HD198r based on wet weight of larval body tissues.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Grain Marketing and Production Research Center, ARS-USDA, 1515 College Avenue, Kansas 66502, Manhattan, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10989289

Citation

Zhu, Y C., et al. "Trypsinogen-like cDNAs and Quantitative Analysis of mRNA Levels From the Indianmeal Moth, Plodia Interpunctella." Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, vol. 30, no. 11, 2000, pp. 1027-35.
Zhu YC, Kramer KJ, Dowdy AK, et al. Trypsinogen-like cDNAs and quantitative analysis of mRNA levels from the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2000;30(11):1027-35.
Zhu, Y. C., Kramer, K. J., Dowdy, A. K., & Baker, J. E. (2000). Trypsinogen-like cDNAs and quantitative analysis of mRNA levels from the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 30(11), 1027-35.
Zhu YC, et al. Trypsinogen-like cDNAs and Quantitative Analysis of mRNA Levels From the Indianmeal Moth, Plodia Interpunctella. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2000;30(11):1027-35. PubMed PMID: 10989289.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trypsinogen-like cDNAs and quantitative analysis of mRNA levels from the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella. AU - Zhu,Y C, AU - Kramer,K J, AU - Dowdy,A K, AU - Baker,J E, PY - 2000/9/16/pubmed PY - 2001/2/28/medline PY - 2000/9/16/entrez SP - 1027 EP - 35 JF - Insect biochemistry and molecular biology JO - Insect Biochem Mol Biol VL - 30 IS - 11 N2 - Two cDNA fragments encoding full-length trypsinogen-like proteins were cloned from larvae of two strains (RC688s and HD198r) of the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner), which differed in their sensitivity to Bacillus thuringiensis protoxins. One cDNA fragment contained 874 nucleotides, including a 780-nucleotide open reading frame that encoded a trypsinogen-like protein (PiT2b). Another cDNA fragment amplified from both P. interpunctella strains contained 864 nucleotides including a 780 bp open reading frame encoding a second trypsinogen-like protein (PiT2c). The cDNA sequence of PiT2b shared 89% sequence identity with PiT2a, a trypsinogen-like protein cloned previously from this species. The cDNA sequences of PiT2a and PiT2c shared 83% identity. The cDNA sequence identity between PiT2b and PiT2c was 80%. The cDNA for PiT2b from strain RC688s was different at six nucleotide positions from that of PiT2b from strain HD198r. Five nucleotide replacements occurred in the open reading frame leading to amino acid changes at all five positions. There were five nucleotide differences in the cDNAs for PiT2c trypsinogen-like proteins from the two strains. Two nucleotide substitutions in the open reading frame resulted in replacements of two amino acid residues in the deduced protein sequences. Amino acid sequences for PiT2a and PiT2b shared 84% identity, but only 50% identity was observed between PiT2c and the other two trypsinogen-like proteins. The deduced amino acid sequences for PiT2b and PiT2c included both signal and zymogen activation peptides and amino acid sequence motifs which are conserved in seven homologous trypsinogen-like proteins from other insects. Typical features of the putative trypsinogen-like proteins from P. interpunctella included the serine proteinase active site triad (His(81), Asp(133), and Ser(233)), three pairs of cysteine residues for disulfide bridges, and three residues, Asp(227), Gly(250), and Gly(260), that help to confer trypsin-like specificity to the enzymes. Quantitative RT-PCR analyses showed that, in fourth instar larvae, RC688s had 1.6-fold higher PiT2a trypsinogen-like mRNA than did HD198r. Expression of PiT2b mRNA was 3.4-fold higher in HD198r than in RC688s. Expression of PiT2c mRNA was 2.8-fold higher in RC688s than in HD198r. Mean accumulation levels of mRNAs for all three trypsinogen-like proteins were slightly higher in RC688s than in HD198r based on total RNA, and 1.3-fold higher in RC688s than in HD198r based on wet weight of larval body tissues. SN - 0965-1748 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10989289/Trypsinogen_like_cDNAs_and_quantitative_analysis_of_mRNA_levels_from_the_Indianmeal_moth_Plodia_interpunctella_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0965-1748(00)00073-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -