Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 modulates expression of Bax and Bcl-2 and potentiates p53-independent radiation-induced apoptosis in human breast cancer cells.J Biol Chem 2000; 275(50):39174-81JB
We report that transfection of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) cDNA in human breast cancer cell lines expressing either mutant p53 (T47D) or wild-type p53 (MCF-7) induces apoptosis. IGFBP-3 also increases the ratio of pro-apoptotic to anti-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family. In MCF-7, an increase in Bad and Bax protein expression and a decrease in Bcl-x(L) protein and Bcl-2 protein and mRNA were observed. In T47D, Bax and Bad proteins were up-regulated; Bcl-2 protein is undetectable in these cells. As T47D expresses mutant p53 protein, these modulations of pro-apoptotic proteins and induction of apoptosis are independent of p53. The effect of IGFBP-3 on the response of T47D to ionizing radiation (IR) was examined. These cells do not G(1) arrest in response to IR and are relatively radioresistant. Transfection of IGFBP-3 increased the radiosensitivity of T47D and increased IR-induced apoptosis but did not effect a rapid G(1) arrest. IR also caused a much greater increase in Bax protein in IGFBP-3 transfectants compared with vector controls. Thus, IGFBP-3 increases the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins and apoptosis both basally and in response to IR, suggesting it may be a p53-independent effector of apoptosis in breast cancer cells via its modulation of the Bax:Bcl-2 protein ratio.