Comparison of cryopreservation outcome with human pronuclear stage oocytes obtained by the GnRH antagonist, cetrorelix, and GnRH agonists.Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2000; 93(1):91-5EJ
This retrospective study was performed to examine the implantation and pregnancy rates of frozen-thawed pronuclear stage oocytes obtained with the use of a GnRH antagonist, Cetrorelix (Cetrotide((R)) ASTA-Medica, Frankfurt/M, Germany) used in a multidose protocol with hMG, and to compare these results with those obtained after a conventional long GnRH analogue protocol (Decapeptyl-Depot, Ferring, Kiel, Germany). The study population consisted of 31 infertile couples with frozen-thawed pronuclear stage oocytes after ICSI treatment using the GnRH antagonist Cetrorelix (Cetrorelix((R))) and 31 infertile couples with frozen-thawed pronuclear stage oocytes after ICSI treatment using the long GnRH analogue protocol. Patients underwent ICSI after down regulation with a GnRH agonist (Decapeptyl) and stimulation with hMG, or a GnRH antagonist (Cetrorelix) and hMG. The supernumerary pronuclear stage oocytes were cryopreserved and transferred in a later mildly stimulated cycle. The implantation and pregnancy rates for frozen-thawed pronuclear stage oocytes derived from the GnRH antagonist compared with the GnRH agonist were 3.26% versus 3.73% (P=1.0000) and 8.33% versus 10.25% (P=1.0000), respectively. To our knowledge we report here the first pregnancies obtained by the transfer of cryopreserved pronuclear stage embryos generated from ICSI using a GnRH antagonist in the collecting cycle. The use of Cetrorelix in a multiple dose protocol in combination with hMG does not demonstrate a negative effect on viability, implantation potential or pregnancy outcome as compared to 2PN conceptuses obtained from a long GnRH agonist-hMG protocol.