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Pica: common but commonly missed.
J Am Board Fam Pract 2000 Sep-Oct; 13(5):353-8JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Pica is the compulsive eating of nonnutritive substances and can have serious medical implications. Although it has been described since antiquity, there has been no single agreed-upon explanation of the cause of such behavior.

METHODS

Databases from MEDLINE and PSYCH-Lit were searched from 1964 to the present to find relevant sources of information using the key words "pica," "obsessive-compulsive disorder," "iron-deficiency anemia," and "nutrition."

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS

Pica is observed most commonly in areas of low socioeconomic status and is more common in women (especially pregnant women) and in children. To our knowledge, the prevalence of pica is not known. Numerous complications of the disorder have been described, including iron-deficiency anemia, lead poisoning, and helminthic infestations. Pica is probably a behavior pattern driven by multiple factors. Some recent evidence supports including pica with the obsessive-compulsive spectrum of disorders. Many different treatment regimens have been described, with variable responses. It is important to be aware of this common, but commonly missed, condition.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11001006

Citation

Rose, E A., et al. "Pica: Common but Commonly Missed." The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice, vol. 13, no. 5, 2000, pp. 353-8.
Rose EA, Porcerelli JH, Neale AV. Pica: common but commonly missed. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2000;13(5):353-8.
Rose, E. A., Porcerelli, J. H., & Neale, A. V. (2000). Pica: common but commonly missed. The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice, 13(5), pp. 353-8.
Rose EA, Porcerelli JH, Neale AV. Pica: Common but Commonly Missed. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2000;13(5):353-8. PubMed PMID: 11001006.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pica: common but commonly missed. AU - Rose,E A, AU - Porcerelli,J H, AU - Neale,A V, PY - 2000/9/23/pubmed PY - 2001/2/28/medline PY - 2000/9/23/entrez SP - 353 EP - 8 JF - The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice JO - J Am Board Fam Pract VL - 13 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Pica is the compulsive eating of nonnutritive substances and can have serious medical implications. Although it has been described since antiquity, there has been no single agreed-upon explanation of the cause of such behavior. METHODS: Databases from MEDLINE and PSYCH-Lit were searched from 1964 to the present to find relevant sources of information using the key words "pica," "obsessive-compulsive disorder," "iron-deficiency anemia," and "nutrition." RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Pica is observed most commonly in areas of low socioeconomic status and is more common in women (especially pregnant women) and in children. To our knowledge, the prevalence of pica is not known. Numerous complications of the disorder have been described, including iron-deficiency anemia, lead poisoning, and helminthic infestations. Pica is probably a behavior pattern driven by multiple factors. Some recent evidence supports including pica with the obsessive-compulsive spectrum of disorders. Many different treatment regimens have been described, with variable responses. It is important to be aware of this common, but commonly missed, condition. SN - 0893-8652 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11001006/Pica:_common_but_commonly_missed_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=11001006.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -