Quantitative analysis of pharmaceutically active peptides using on-capillary analyte preconcentration transient isotachophoresis.Electrophoresis. 2000 Aug; 21(14):2851-8.E
An on-capillary adsorptive phase in combination with capillary electrophoresis (CE), frequently referred to as preconcentration CE, for quantitative analysis of low peptide concentrations was developed. The capillary containing the on-line analyte preconcentrator can be constructed within 5 min from commercially available extraction disks. These disks contain poly(styrenedivinylbenzene) adsorbent particles incorporated in a matrix of inert Teflon, creating a mechanically stable sorbent. Therefore, no frits are needed in the capillary to hold the stationary phase in place. Several parameters, such as the required minimal elution volume, required elution strength, sample application speed or ionic strength, and the capacity were investigated and special interest was given to the quantitative properties of the method. Instead of nL injections, volumes up to a least 25 microL are possible, yielding improvements in detection limits of 3-4 orders of magnitude. The observed limit of detection for both model peptides was 20 pg, corresponding to a 20 microL injection of a 1 ng/mL solution of both model peptides. Using low-wavelength UV detection, reproducibility and linearity in the low nanogram range were satisfactory. No influence of matrix salt concentrations was observed, extending the use of CE to all kinds of samples.