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[Rabies-free status of Switzerland following 30 years of rabies in foxes].
Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2000 Aug; 142(8):423-9.SA

Abstract

The European fox rabies epizootic starting in 1939 at the eastern border of Poland reached Switzerland on March 3, 1967. Rabies spread over large parts of the country until 1977, the year it caused three human deaths. In 1978 the first field trial world-wide for the oral immunization of foxes against rabies was conducted in Switzerland. Initially, the expansion of the vaccination area led to a rapid reduction in rabies cases. However, the 1990s were characterized by a recrudescence of rabies in spite of regular oral immunization of foxes. The last endemic case of rabies was diagnosed in 1996 after an adaptation of the vaccination strategy. A total of 17,109 rabies cases, of which 73% in foxes and 14% in domestic animals were diagnosed, leading to an estimated number of some 25,000 postexposure treatments in humans. To eliminate rabies, a total of 2.8 million baits containing a modified live virus were distributed--mostly by hand--in the field.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institut für Veterinär-Virologie und Pathologisches Institut, Universität Bern. Reto.Zanoni@ivv.unibe.chNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

ger

PubMed ID

11004890

Citation

Zanoni, R G., et al. "[Rabies-free Status of Switzerland Following 30 Years of Rabies in Foxes]." Schweizer Archiv Fur Tierheilkunde, vol. 142, no. 8, 2000, pp. 423-9.
Zanoni RG, Kappeler A, Müller UM, et al. [Rabies-free status of Switzerland following 30 years of rabies in foxes]. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2000;142(8):423-9.
Zanoni, R. G., Kappeler, A., Müller, U. M., Müller, C., Wandeler, A. I., & Breitenmoser, U. (2000). [Rabies-free status of Switzerland following 30 years of rabies in foxes]. Schweizer Archiv Fur Tierheilkunde, 142(8), 423-9.
Zanoni RG, et al. [Rabies-free Status of Switzerland Following 30 Years of Rabies in Foxes]. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2000;142(8):423-9. PubMed PMID: 11004890.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Rabies-free status of Switzerland following 30 years of rabies in foxes]. AU - Zanoni,R G, AU - Kappeler,A, AU - Müller,U M, AU - Müller,C, AU - Wandeler,A I, AU - Breitenmoser,U, PY - 2000/9/27/pubmed PY - 2001/7/28/medline PY - 2000/9/27/entrez SP - 423 EP - 9 JF - Schweizer Archiv fur Tierheilkunde JO - Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd VL - 142 IS - 8 N2 - The European fox rabies epizootic starting in 1939 at the eastern border of Poland reached Switzerland on March 3, 1967. Rabies spread over large parts of the country until 1977, the year it caused three human deaths. In 1978 the first field trial world-wide for the oral immunization of foxes against rabies was conducted in Switzerland. Initially, the expansion of the vaccination area led to a rapid reduction in rabies cases. However, the 1990s were characterized by a recrudescence of rabies in spite of regular oral immunization of foxes. The last endemic case of rabies was diagnosed in 1996 after an adaptation of the vaccination strategy. A total of 17,109 rabies cases, of which 73% in foxes and 14% in domestic animals were diagnosed, leading to an estimated number of some 25,000 postexposure treatments in humans. To eliminate rabies, a total of 2.8 million baits containing a modified live virus were distributed--mostly by hand--in the field. SN - 0036-7281 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11004890/[Rabies_free_status_of_Switzerland_following_30_years_of_rabies_in_foxes]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -