Spontaneous haemorrhage into an empty sella turcica mimicking pituitary apoplexy.J Clin Neurosci. 2000 Nov; 7(6):557-60.JC
We present a case of spontaneous haemorrhage into an empty sella turcica with the features of subclinical pituitary apoplexy. A 66-year-old woman with a previously resected pituitary adenoma presented four months later with progressive headache and visual deterioration. Cranial MRI demonstrated hyperacute blood products in a recurrent pituitary adenoma. Operative findings were of subacute blood in an empty sella turcica. There was no operative or subsequent histological evidence of tumour recurrence. The intrasellar haemorrhage was evacuated via a trans-sphenoidal approach, resulting in a rapid improvement in visual function. Endocrine deficits required thyroxine, corticosteroid and desmopressin supplementation. Haemorrhage into an empty sella turcica has not been previously described and needs to be suspected as a clinical entity in patients presenting with the features of pituitary apoplexy. Awareness of this clinical condition will prevent preoperative misdiagnosis.