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The role of personality in the development and perpetuation of chronic fatigue syndrome.
J Psychosom Res 2000; 48(6):515-24JP

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Qualitative evidence suggests that personality may have special relevance to the predisposition, precipitation and perpetuation of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). This study compares three dimensions of personality - perfectionism, self-esteem, and emotional control in the personality profiles of CFS patients (N=44) and a control group (N=44) without a history of CFS, matched for age and gender.

METHODS

Participants were assessed on the MPS [Frost RO, Marten P, Lahart C, Rosenblate R. The dimensions of perfectionism. Cognit Ther Res 1990;14:449-468.]; the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale [Rosenberg M. Society and the Adolescent Self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ Press, 1965.]; the Courtauld Emotional Scale [Watson M, Greer S. Development of a questionnaire measure of emotional control. J Psychosom Res 1983;27:299-305.] and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale [Crowne DP, Marlowe D. A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology. J Consult Psychol 1960;24:349-354.].

RESULTS

Analyses revealed that the CFS group reported higher levels than the control group on the Total Perfectionism score and Doubts about Actions and the Concern over Mistakes subscales. Furthermore, the CFS group also reported lower self-esteem than the control group. No difference between the two groups was found on the dimensions of emotional control and social desirability response bias.

CONCLUSION

A developmental model of CFS, which considers the predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating factors that may account for the course of the disorder irrespective of etiology, is proposed. In the context of the results, recommendations for practice and future research are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11033370

Citation

White, C, and R Schweitzer. "The Role of Personality in the Development and Perpetuation of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome." Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 48, no. 6, 2000, pp. 515-24.
White C, Schweitzer R. The role of personality in the development and perpetuation of chronic fatigue syndrome. J Psychosom Res. 2000;48(6):515-24.
White, C., & Schweitzer, R. (2000). The role of personality in the development and perpetuation of chronic fatigue syndrome. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 48(6), pp. 515-24.
White C, Schweitzer R. The Role of Personality in the Development and Perpetuation of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. J Psychosom Res. 2000;48(6):515-24. PubMed PMID: 11033370.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The role of personality in the development and perpetuation of chronic fatigue syndrome. AU - White,C, AU - Schweitzer,R, PY - 2000/10/18/pubmed PY - 2001/2/28/medline PY - 2000/10/18/entrez SP - 515 EP - 24 JF - Journal of psychosomatic research JO - J Psychosom Res VL - 48 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Qualitative evidence suggests that personality may have special relevance to the predisposition, precipitation and perpetuation of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). This study compares three dimensions of personality - perfectionism, self-esteem, and emotional control in the personality profiles of CFS patients (N=44) and a control group (N=44) without a history of CFS, matched for age and gender. METHODS: Participants were assessed on the MPS [Frost RO, Marten P, Lahart C, Rosenblate R. The dimensions of perfectionism. Cognit Ther Res 1990;14:449-468.]; the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale [Rosenberg M. Society and the Adolescent Self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ Press, 1965.]; the Courtauld Emotional Scale [Watson M, Greer S. Development of a questionnaire measure of emotional control. J Psychosom Res 1983;27:299-305.] and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale [Crowne DP, Marlowe D. A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology. J Consult Psychol 1960;24:349-354.]. RESULTS: Analyses revealed that the CFS group reported higher levels than the control group on the Total Perfectionism score and Doubts about Actions and the Concern over Mistakes subscales. Furthermore, the CFS group also reported lower self-esteem than the control group. No difference between the two groups was found on the dimensions of emotional control and social desirability response bias. CONCLUSION: A developmental model of CFS, which considers the predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating factors that may account for the course of the disorder irrespective of etiology, is proposed. In the context of the results, recommendations for practice and future research are discussed. SN - 0022-3999 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11033370/full_citation/The_role_of_personality_in_the_development_and_perpetuation_of_chronic_fatigue_syndrome_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022399900000878 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -