Kidney transplantation at the University of Miami.Clin Transpl. 1999CT
Of the 1,679 renal allografts performed at the University of Miami between January 1, 1979 and October 31, 1999, 1,154 were from cadaver donors (CAD), 515 were from living-related donors (LRD), and 10 were from living-unrelated donors. The 3 ethnic groups: Black Caribbean-African-American, Hispanic, and others were almost equally represented among recipients. Recipient ages ranged between 1-83 years. In the CAD group, HLA matching was emphasized so that no patient received a kidney with less than one DR match, and for the entire series a mean of 2.59 of 6 HLA antigens were matched between donors and recipients. Overall actuarial 20-year patient and graft survival rates were 65.3% and 30.7%, respectively, with 69.2% patient and 38.5% graft survival rates for LRD, and 65.6% patient and 29.0% graft survival rates for CAD recipients. Several factors adversely affected long-term graft outcome. African-Americans had an overall 20-year graft survival rate of 13.6% compared with 34% for non African-Americans (p < 0.001) (not dependent on patient survival). Diabetic patients had an overall 20-year graft survival rate of 13.5% versus 34.2% for non-diabetics (primarily dependent on patient survival). In the category of non African-American, non-diabetic patients under age 36 (n = 412), the 20-year patient survival rates in the LRD and CAD groups were 85.0% and 79.3%, respectively, and the graft survival rates were 55.7% and 46.5%, respectively. This differed markedly from the results for the entire series.