[Cloning of variable region genes of anti-tetanus toxoid antibody and their expression as three kinds of engineered antibodies in E. coli].Shi Yan Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 1997 Sep; 30(3):285-92.SY
The heavy and light chain variable region genes of anti-tetanus toxoid (TT) antibody and the heavy chain Fd genes were amplified and cloned through RT-PCR from mouse hybridoma cells. The sequences of VH and VK were determined. Fd gene fragments were expressed in E. coli. The ELISA results indicated that the expressed Fd showed antigen binding activity but was nonspecific. Furthermore, through SOE and PCR techniques, the VH and VK gene fragments together with ScFv linker were assembled into single chain antibody (ScFv) gene fragment. While together with human heavy chain CH 1 gene fragment and Fab linker, they were assembled into chimeric Fab gene fragment. The two assembled gene fragments were separately inserted into phagemid pHEN 1, which was a fd-based vector containing gene 3 encoding the minor coat protein. In presence of helper phage M 13-VCS the anti-TT phage-ScFv or phage-Fab were displayed on the surface of phage particles respectively. Results from phage-ELISA indicated that both phage antibodies were TT-specific.