Morphology-based three-dimensional interpolation.IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2000 Jul; 19(7):711-21.IT
In many medical applications, the number of available two-dimensional (2-D) images is always insufficient. Therefore, the three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction must be accomplished by appropriate interpolation methods to fill gaps between available image slices. In this paper, we propose a morphology-based algorithm to interpolate the missing data. The proposed algorithm consists of several steps. First, the object or hole contours are extracted using conventional image-processing techniques. Second, the object or hole matching issue is evaluated. Prior to interpolation, the centroids of the objects are aligned. Next, we employ a dilation operator to transform digital images into distance maps and we correct the distance maps if required. Finally, we utilize an erosion operator to accomplish the interpolation. Furthermore, if multiple objects or holes are interpolated, we blend them together to complete the algorithm. We experimentally evaluate the proposed method against various synthesized cases reported in the literature. Experimental results show that the proposed method is able to handle general object interpolation effectively.