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Family influence on current smoking habits among secondary school children in Kota Bharu, Kelantan.
Singapore Med J. 2000 Apr; 41(4):167-71.SM

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To measure the prevalence of cigarette smoking among male secondary school children and assess their family influence especially that of their fathers' smoking habits on their current smoking habits.

METHODOLOGY

A cross-sectional study was carried out in Kota Bharu, Kelantan in April 1997 where 460 male form four students, aged 15-16 years were randomly selected from six secondary schools. Data on smoking habits, sociodemographic profile and family characteristics particularly parents and siblings' smoking habits, perceived parental supervision and communication were collected through self-administered questionnaires.

RESULTS

The prevalence of cigarette smoking among male secondary school children was 33.2%. Crude analysis shows family factors, fathers' and siblings' smoking habits, and lack of parental supervision were significantly associated with the students' current smoking habit. Among students who smoked compared to non-smokers, father's smoking habit gives a crude Odds Ratio = 1.8, 95% C.I. 1.08 - 3.16. Further analysis shows that the effect of their father's smoking habit on the student's current smoking habit is still significant after controlling for other familial and non-familial factors including parental supervision, academic performance, reported influence of cigarette advertisement, having friends who smoked and the student's poor knowledge of the ill-effects of smoking and other factors (Odds Ratio = 1.9, 95% C.I 1.05 - 3.32). In conclusion, family factors especially the father's smoking habit is an important factor that influences a student's current smoking habit and the presence of negative role models within the home need to be seriously considered in any cigarette smoking prevention programs among secondary school adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Razak Cheras, Kuala Lumpur.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11063181

Citation

Shamsuddin, K, and M A. Haris. "Family Influence On Current Smoking Habits Among Secondary School Children in Kota Bharu, Kelantan." Singapore Medical Journal, vol. 41, no. 4, 2000, pp. 167-71.
Shamsuddin K, Haris MA. Family influence on current smoking habits among secondary school children in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Singapore Med J. 2000;41(4):167-71.
Shamsuddin, K., & Haris, M. A. (2000). Family influence on current smoking habits among secondary school children in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Singapore Medical Journal, 41(4), 167-71.
Shamsuddin K, Haris MA. Family Influence On Current Smoking Habits Among Secondary School Children in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Singapore Med J. 2000;41(4):167-71. PubMed PMID: 11063181.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Family influence on current smoking habits among secondary school children in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. AU - Shamsuddin,K, AU - Haris,M A, PY - 2000/11/4/pubmed PY - 2001/2/28/medline PY - 2000/11/4/entrez SP - 167 EP - 71 JF - Singapore medical journal JO - Singapore Med J VL - 41 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To measure the prevalence of cigarette smoking among male secondary school children and assess their family influence especially that of their fathers' smoking habits on their current smoking habits. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Kota Bharu, Kelantan in April 1997 where 460 male form four students, aged 15-16 years were randomly selected from six secondary schools. Data on smoking habits, sociodemographic profile and family characteristics particularly parents and siblings' smoking habits, perceived parental supervision and communication were collected through self-administered questionnaires. RESULTS: The prevalence of cigarette smoking among male secondary school children was 33.2%. Crude analysis shows family factors, fathers' and siblings' smoking habits, and lack of parental supervision were significantly associated with the students' current smoking habit. Among students who smoked compared to non-smokers, father's smoking habit gives a crude Odds Ratio = 1.8, 95% C.I. 1.08 - 3.16. Further analysis shows that the effect of their father's smoking habit on the student's current smoking habit is still significant after controlling for other familial and non-familial factors including parental supervision, academic performance, reported influence of cigarette advertisement, having friends who smoked and the student's poor knowledge of the ill-effects of smoking and other factors (Odds Ratio = 1.9, 95% C.I 1.05 - 3.32). In conclusion, family factors especially the father's smoking habit is an important factor that influences a student's current smoking habit and the presence of negative role models within the home need to be seriously considered in any cigarette smoking prevention programs among secondary school adolescents. SN - 0037-5675 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11063181/Family_influence_on_current_smoking_habits_among_secondary_school_children_in_Kota_Bharu_Kelantan_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/smokingandyouth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -