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Maternal expressed emotion related to attachment disorganization in early childhood: a preliminary report.
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2000 Oct; 41(7):899-906.JC

Abstract

Using a longitudinal sample of children, this study examined the relation between maternal Expressed Emotion (EE) and mother-child attachment disorganization at age 6 years. A nonclinical sample of 33 children (at ages 12 months and 18 months) from Berlin, Germany participated with their mothers in Ainsworth's Strange Situation. Thirty-two children were again observed with their mothers at age 6 years in a standard laboratory attachment observation. At the time of the 6-year assessment, maternal EE was assessed based on a Five-Minute Speech Sample. Mothers also completed the Life Events Questionnaire, a measure of family stress, and the Present State Examination, a measure of maternal depression. Maternal Expressed Emotion was significantly linked to mother-child attachment security at age 6 years. Further analyses revealed that High EE was most closely linked to the disorganized attachment pattern at age 6 years, an at-risk attachment pattern that has been associated with intrusive and hostile maternal behavior. The relationship was upheld when other relevant variables, including infant attachment disorganization and a measure of perceived family stress, were simultaneously considered. The study provides independent validation of Expressed Emotion as a measure of relationship quality in early childhood. It also provides a basis for the further investigation of the nature of the relation between maternal Expressed Emotion and attachment disorganization.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Illinois at Chicago, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11079432

Citation

Jacobsen, T, et al. "Maternal Expressed Emotion Related to Attachment Disorganization in Early Childhood: a Preliminary Report." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, vol. 41, no. 7, 2000, pp. 899-906.
Jacobsen T, Hibbs E, Ziegenhain U. Maternal expressed emotion related to attachment disorganization in early childhood: a preliminary report. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2000;41(7):899-906.
Jacobsen, T., Hibbs, E., & Ziegenhain, U. (2000). Maternal expressed emotion related to attachment disorganization in early childhood: a preliminary report. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 41(7), 899-906.
Jacobsen T, Hibbs E, Ziegenhain U. Maternal Expressed Emotion Related to Attachment Disorganization in Early Childhood: a Preliminary Report. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2000;41(7):899-906. PubMed PMID: 11079432.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal expressed emotion related to attachment disorganization in early childhood: a preliminary report. AU - Jacobsen,T, AU - Hibbs,E, AU - Ziegenhain,U, PY - 2000/11/18/pubmed PY - 2001/3/3/medline PY - 2000/11/18/entrez SP - 899 EP - 906 JF - Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines JO - J Child Psychol Psychiatry VL - 41 IS - 7 N2 - Using a longitudinal sample of children, this study examined the relation between maternal Expressed Emotion (EE) and mother-child attachment disorganization at age 6 years. A nonclinical sample of 33 children (at ages 12 months and 18 months) from Berlin, Germany participated with their mothers in Ainsworth's Strange Situation. Thirty-two children were again observed with their mothers at age 6 years in a standard laboratory attachment observation. At the time of the 6-year assessment, maternal EE was assessed based on a Five-Minute Speech Sample. Mothers also completed the Life Events Questionnaire, a measure of family stress, and the Present State Examination, a measure of maternal depression. Maternal Expressed Emotion was significantly linked to mother-child attachment security at age 6 years. Further analyses revealed that High EE was most closely linked to the disorganized attachment pattern at age 6 years, an at-risk attachment pattern that has been associated with intrusive and hostile maternal behavior. The relationship was upheld when other relevant variables, including infant attachment disorganization and a measure of perceived family stress, were simultaneously considered. The study provides independent validation of Expressed Emotion as a measure of relationship quality in early childhood. It also provides a basis for the further investigation of the nature of the relation between maternal Expressed Emotion and attachment disorganization. SN - 0021-9630 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11079432/Maternal_expressed_emotion_related_to_attachment_disorganization_in_early_childhood:_a_preliminary_report_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0021-9630&date=2000&volume=41&issue=7&spage=899 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -