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Aircrew perceived stress: examining crew performance, crew position and captains personality.
Aviat Space Environ Med. 2000 Nov; 71(11):1093-7.AS

Abstract

This study was conducted at NASA Ames Research Center as a part of a larger research project assessing the impact of captain's personality on crew performance and perceived stress in 24 air transport crews (5). Three different personality types for captains were classified based on a previous cluster analysis (3). Crews were comprised of three crewmembers: captain, first officer, and second officer/flight engineer. A total of 72 pilots completed a 1.5-d full-mission simulation of airline operations including emergency situations in the Ames Manned Vehicle System Research Facility B-727 simulator. Crewmembers were tested for perceived stress on four dimensions of the NASA Task Load Index after each of five flight legs. Crews were divided into three groups based on rankings from combined error and rating scores. High performance crews (who committed the least errors in flight) reported experiencing less stress in simulated flight than either low or medium crews. When comparing crew positions for perceived stress over all the simulated flights no significant differences were found. However, the crews led by the "Right Stuff" (e.g., active, warm, confident, competitive, and preferring excellence and challenges) personality type captains typically reported less stress than crewmembers led by other personality types.

Authors+Show Affiliations

NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA. bowless@jackson.army.milNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11086661

Citation

Bowles, S, et al. "Aircrew Perceived Stress: Examining Crew Performance, Crew Position and Captains Personality." Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, vol. 71, no. 11, 2000, pp. 1093-7.
Bowles S, Ursin H, Picano J. Aircrew perceived stress: examining crew performance, crew position and captains personality. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2000;71(11):1093-7.
Bowles, S., Ursin, H., & Picano, J. (2000). Aircrew perceived stress: examining crew performance, crew position and captains personality. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 71(11), 1093-7.
Bowles S, Ursin H, Picano J. Aircrew Perceived Stress: Examining Crew Performance, Crew Position and Captains Personality. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2000;71(11):1093-7. PubMed PMID: 11086661.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Aircrew perceived stress: examining crew performance, crew position and captains personality. AU - Bowles,S, AU - Ursin,H, AU - Picano,J, PY - 2000/11/22/pubmed PY - 2001/3/10/medline PY - 2000/11/22/entrez SP - 1093 EP - 7 JF - Aviation, space, and environmental medicine JO - Aviat Space Environ Med VL - 71 IS - 11 N2 - This study was conducted at NASA Ames Research Center as a part of a larger research project assessing the impact of captain's personality on crew performance and perceived stress in 24 air transport crews (5). Three different personality types for captains were classified based on a previous cluster analysis (3). Crews were comprised of three crewmembers: captain, first officer, and second officer/flight engineer. A total of 72 pilots completed a 1.5-d full-mission simulation of airline operations including emergency situations in the Ames Manned Vehicle System Research Facility B-727 simulator. Crewmembers were tested for perceived stress on four dimensions of the NASA Task Load Index after each of five flight legs. Crews were divided into three groups based on rankings from combined error and rating scores. High performance crews (who committed the least errors in flight) reported experiencing less stress in simulated flight than either low or medium crews. When comparing crew positions for perceived stress over all the simulated flights no significant differences were found. However, the crews led by the "Right Stuff" (e.g., active, warm, confident, competitive, and preferring excellence and challenges) personality type captains typically reported less stress than crewmembers led by other personality types. SN - 0095-6562 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11086661/Aircrew_perceived_stress:_examining_crew_performance_crew_position_and_captains_personality_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/veteransandmilitaryhealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -