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Polyunsaturated fatty acid status of Dutch vegans and omnivores.
Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2000 Nov; 63(5):279-85.PL

Abstract

We compared the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status of Dutch vegans and omnivores to investigate whether disparities can be explained by different diets and long chain PUFA (LCP) synthesis rates. Dietary intakes and fatty acid compositions of erythrocytes (RBC), platelets (PLT), plasma cholesterol esters (CE) and plasma triglycerides (TG) of 12 strict vegans and 15 age- and sex-matched omnivores were determined. Vegans had higher omega 6 (CE, TG), 18:2 omega 6 (RBC, CE, TG), 18:3 omega 6 (TG), 20:3 omega 6 (TG), 22:4 omega 6 (TG), 22:5 omega 3 (RBC, PLT), 22:5 omega 3/22:6 omega 3 (RBC, PLT) and 22:5 omega 6/22:6 omega 3 (RBC, PLT), and lower 22:4 omega 6 (RBC, PLT), 22:4 omega 6/22:5 omega 6 (RBC, PLT), omega 3 (CE), LCP omega 3 (CE, TG), 20:5 omega 3 (RBC, PLT, CE), 22:5 omega 3 (TG) and 22:6 omega 3 (all compartments). Vegans had lower 20:4 omega 6 (TG) after normalization of PUFA to 100%, and normalization of eicosanoid precursors to 100% revealed similar 20:4 omega 6 (all), higher 20:3 omega 6 (TG) and lower 20:5 omega 3 (all). High omega 6 (notably 18:2 omega 6) and low omega 3 (notably 20:5 omega 3, 22:6 omega 3) status in Dutch vegans derives from low dietary LCP omega 3 and 18:3 omega 3/18:2 omega 6 ratio. Higher 18:3 omega 6 and 20:3 omega 6 in their TG may reflect higher hepatic 20:4 omega 6 production rate, whereas higher 20:4 omega 6 and 22:4 omega 6 in omnivores indicates 20:4 omega 6 intake from meat.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Groningen University Hospital, Groningen, The Netherlands. m.r.fokkema@path.azg.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11090254

Citation

Fokkema, M R., et al. "Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Status of Dutch Vegans and Omnivores." Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids, vol. 63, no. 5, 2000, pp. 279-85.
Fokkema MR, Brouwer DA, Hasperhoven MB, et al. Polyunsaturated fatty acid status of Dutch vegans and omnivores. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2000;63(5):279-85.
Fokkema, M. R., Brouwer, D. A., Hasperhoven, M. B., Hettema, Y., Bemelmans, W. J., & Muskiet, F. A. (2000). Polyunsaturated fatty acid status of Dutch vegans and omnivores. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids, 63(5), 279-85.
Fokkema MR, et al. Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Status of Dutch Vegans and Omnivores. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2000;63(5):279-85. PubMed PMID: 11090254.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Polyunsaturated fatty acid status of Dutch vegans and omnivores. AU - Fokkema,M R, AU - Brouwer,D A, AU - Hasperhoven,M B, AU - Hettema,Y, AU - Bemelmans,W J, AU - Muskiet,F A, PY - 2000/11/25/pubmed PY - 2001/3/3/medline PY - 2000/11/25/entrez SP - 279 EP - 85 JF - Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids JO - Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids VL - 63 IS - 5 N2 - We compared the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status of Dutch vegans and omnivores to investigate whether disparities can be explained by different diets and long chain PUFA (LCP) synthesis rates. Dietary intakes and fatty acid compositions of erythrocytes (RBC), platelets (PLT), plasma cholesterol esters (CE) and plasma triglycerides (TG) of 12 strict vegans and 15 age- and sex-matched omnivores were determined. Vegans had higher omega 6 (CE, TG), 18:2 omega 6 (RBC, CE, TG), 18:3 omega 6 (TG), 20:3 omega 6 (TG), 22:4 omega 6 (TG), 22:5 omega 3 (RBC, PLT), 22:5 omega 3/22:6 omega 3 (RBC, PLT) and 22:5 omega 6/22:6 omega 3 (RBC, PLT), and lower 22:4 omega 6 (RBC, PLT), 22:4 omega 6/22:5 omega 6 (RBC, PLT), omega 3 (CE), LCP omega 3 (CE, TG), 20:5 omega 3 (RBC, PLT, CE), 22:5 omega 3 (TG) and 22:6 omega 3 (all compartments). Vegans had lower 20:4 omega 6 (TG) after normalization of PUFA to 100%, and normalization of eicosanoid precursors to 100% revealed similar 20:4 omega 6 (all), higher 20:3 omega 6 (TG) and lower 20:5 omega 3 (all). High omega 6 (notably 18:2 omega 6) and low omega 3 (notably 20:5 omega 3, 22:6 omega 3) status in Dutch vegans derives from low dietary LCP omega 3 and 18:3 omega 3/18:2 omega 6 ratio. Higher 18:3 omega 6 and 20:3 omega 6 in their TG may reflect higher hepatic 20:4 omega 6 production rate, whereas higher 20:4 omega 6 and 22:4 omega 6 in omnivores indicates 20:4 omega 6 intake from meat. SN - 0952-3278 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11090254/Polyunsaturated_fatty_acid_status_of_Dutch_vegans_and_omnivores_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0952-3278(00)90215-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -