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A controlled study of imagery rehearsal for chronic nightmares in sexual assault survivors with PTSD: a preliminary report.
J Trauma Stress. 2000 Oct; 13(4):589-609.JT

Abstract

Imagery-rehearsal therapy for chronic nightmares was assessed in a randomized, controlled study of sexual assault survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Nightmares, sleep quality, and PTSD were assessed at baseline for 169 women, who were randomized into two groups: treatment (n = 87) and wait-list control (n = 82). Treatment consisted of two 3-hr sessions and one 1-hr session conducted over 5 weeks. Of 169 participants, 91 women (Treatment, n = 43, Control, n = 48) completed a 3-month follow-up and 78 did not. At follow-up, nightmare frequency and PTSD severity decreased and sleep quality improved in the treatment group with small to minimal changes in the control group. Treatment effects were moderate to high (Cohen's d ranged from 0.57 to 1.26). Notwithstanding the large dropout rate, imagery-rehearsal therapy is an effective treatment for chronic nightmares in sexual assault survivors with PTSD and is associated with improvement in sleep quality and decreases in PTSD severity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, USA. bkrakow@salud.unm.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11109233

Citation

Krakow, B, et al. "A Controlled Study of Imagery Rehearsal for Chronic Nightmares in Sexual Assault Survivors With PTSD: a Preliminary Report." Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 13, no. 4, 2000, pp. 589-609.
Krakow B, Hollifield M, Schrader R, et al. A controlled study of imagery rehearsal for chronic nightmares in sexual assault survivors with PTSD: a preliminary report. J Trauma Stress. 2000;13(4):589-609.
Krakow, B., Hollifield, M., Schrader, R., Koss, M., Tandberg, D., Lauriello, J., McBride, L., Warner, T. D., Cheng, D., Edmond, T., & Kellner, R. (2000). A controlled study of imagery rehearsal for chronic nightmares in sexual assault survivors with PTSD: a preliminary report. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 13(4), 589-609.
Krakow B, et al. A Controlled Study of Imagery Rehearsal for Chronic Nightmares in Sexual Assault Survivors With PTSD: a Preliminary Report. J Trauma Stress. 2000;13(4):589-609. PubMed PMID: 11109233.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A controlled study of imagery rehearsal for chronic nightmares in sexual assault survivors with PTSD: a preliminary report. AU - Krakow,B, AU - Hollifield,M, AU - Schrader,R, AU - Koss,M, AU - Tandberg,D, AU - Lauriello,J, AU - McBride,L, AU - Warner,T D, AU - Cheng,D, AU - Edmond,T, AU - Kellner,R, PY - 2000/1/11/pubmed PY - 2001/5/22/medline PY - 2000/1/11/entrez SP - 589 EP - 609 JF - Journal of traumatic stress JO - J Trauma Stress VL - 13 IS - 4 N2 - Imagery-rehearsal therapy for chronic nightmares was assessed in a randomized, controlled study of sexual assault survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Nightmares, sleep quality, and PTSD were assessed at baseline for 169 women, who were randomized into two groups: treatment (n = 87) and wait-list control (n = 82). Treatment consisted of two 3-hr sessions and one 1-hr session conducted over 5 weeks. Of 169 participants, 91 women (Treatment, n = 43, Control, n = 48) completed a 3-month follow-up and 78 did not. At follow-up, nightmare frequency and PTSD severity decreased and sleep quality improved in the treatment group with small to minimal changes in the control group. Treatment effects were moderate to high (Cohen's d ranged from 0.57 to 1.26). Notwithstanding the large dropout rate, imagery-rehearsal therapy is an effective treatment for chronic nightmares in sexual assault survivors with PTSD and is associated with improvement in sleep quality and decreases in PTSD severity. SN - 0894-9867 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11109233/A_controlled_study_of_imagery_rehearsal_for_chronic_nightmares_in_sexual_assault_survivors_with_PTSD:_a_preliminary_report_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007854015481 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -