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The association between cigarette smoking and drug abuse in the United States.
J Addict Dis. 2000; 19(4):11-24.JA

Abstract

Cigarette smoking has been identified as an independent risk factor for many human diseases. However, the association between cigarette smoking and illegal drug use has not been thoroughly investigated. We have analyzed the 1994 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse to clarify whether cigarette smoking has any effect on the initiation of illegal drug use. Data from 17,809 respondents completing the 1994 "new" (1994-B) questionnaire were analyzed. Logistic regression analyses were performed with the use of statistical package SUDAAN, taking into consideration the multistage sampling design. The results show that those who had smoked cigarettes were far more likely to use cocaine (OR = 7.5; 95% CI: 5.7-9.9), heroin (OR = 16.0; 95% CI: 6.8-37.9), crack (OR = 13.9; 95% CI: 7.9-24.5) and marijuana (OR = 7.3; 95% CI: 6.2-8.7). The associations are consistent across age-strata and remain after adjusting for race and gender. This study suggests that cigarette smoking may be a gateway drug to illegal drug use.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. shlai@jhsph.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11110061

Citation

Lai, S, et al. "The Association Between Cigarette Smoking and Drug Abuse in the United States." Journal of Addictive Diseases, vol. 19, no. 4, 2000, pp. 11-24.
Lai S, Lai H, Page JB, et al. The association between cigarette smoking and drug abuse in the United States. J Addict Dis. 2000;19(4):11-24.
Lai, S., Lai, H., Page, J. B., & McCoy, C. B. (2000). The association between cigarette smoking and drug abuse in the United States. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 19(4), 11-24.
Lai S, et al. The Association Between Cigarette Smoking and Drug Abuse in the United States. J Addict Dis. 2000;19(4):11-24. PubMed PMID: 11110061.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The association between cigarette smoking and drug abuse in the United States. AU - Lai,S, AU - Lai,H, AU - Page,J B, AU - McCoy,C B, PY - 2000/12/8/pubmed PY - 2001/6/2/medline PY - 2000/12/8/entrez SP - 11 EP - 24 JF - Journal of addictive diseases JO - J Addict Dis VL - 19 IS - 4 N2 - Cigarette smoking has been identified as an independent risk factor for many human diseases. However, the association between cigarette smoking and illegal drug use has not been thoroughly investigated. We have analyzed the 1994 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse to clarify whether cigarette smoking has any effect on the initiation of illegal drug use. Data from 17,809 respondents completing the 1994 "new" (1994-B) questionnaire were analyzed. Logistic regression analyses were performed with the use of statistical package SUDAAN, taking into consideration the multistage sampling design. The results show that those who had smoked cigarettes were far more likely to use cocaine (OR = 7.5; 95% CI: 5.7-9.9), heroin (OR = 16.0; 95% CI: 6.8-37.9), crack (OR = 13.9; 95% CI: 7.9-24.5) and marijuana (OR = 7.3; 95% CI: 6.2-8.7). The associations are consistent across age-strata and remain after adjusting for race and gender. This study suggests that cigarette smoking may be a gateway drug to illegal drug use. SN - 1055-0887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11110061/The_association_between_cigarette_smoking_and_drug_abuse_in_the_United_States_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1300/J069v19n04_02 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -