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Use of nitrite dipstick test in the screening for urinary tract infection in children.
West Afr J Med. 2000 Jul-Sep; 19(3):206-8.WA

Abstract

A prospective study of one hundred and eighty five children attending the paediatric units of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria were evaluated for urinary tract infection (UTI) by culture, microscopy and nitrite dipstick test. There were 118 males and 67 females (M:F = 1:1:1). Positive urine culture with significant bacteria was found in 45 samples (24.3%). Urine microscopy for leukocyturia was significant in 55 urine samples. Significant leukocyturia correctly identified 23 of the 45 culture positive urine samples, giving a sensitivity of 51.1%. Nitrite dipstick test correctly identified 13 of the 45 urine samples with proven UTI (28.9% sensitivity). The positive and negative values were 72.2% and 80.8% respectively. The nitrite dipstick test was found to be less sensitive than significant leukocyturia in detecting UTI. It is concluded that although the urinary nitrite dipstick test has an excellent specificity, it is not sensitive enough as a routine screening test for urinary tract infection in children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Paediatrics, ABUTH, Zaria.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11126085

Citation

Wammanda, R D., et al. "Use of Nitrite Dipstick Test in the Screening for Urinary Tract Infection in Children." West African Journal of Medicine, vol. 19, no. 3, 2000, pp. 206-8.
Wammanda RD, Aikhionbare HA, Ogala WN. Use of nitrite dipstick test in the screening for urinary tract infection in children. West Afr J Med. 2000;19(3):206-8.
Wammanda, R. D., Aikhionbare, H. A., & Ogala, W. N. (2000). Use of nitrite dipstick test in the screening for urinary tract infection in children. West African Journal of Medicine, 19(3), 206-8.
Wammanda RD, Aikhionbare HA, Ogala WN. Use of Nitrite Dipstick Test in the Screening for Urinary Tract Infection in Children. West Afr J Med. 2000 Jul-Sep;19(3):206-8. PubMed PMID: 11126085.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Use of nitrite dipstick test in the screening for urinary tract infection in children. AU - Wammanda,R D, AU - Aikhionbare,H A, AU - Ogala,W N, PY - 2000/12/29/pubmed PY - 2001/3/10/medline PY - 2000/12/29/entrez SP - 206 EP - 8 JF - West African journal of medicine JO - West Afr J Med VL - 19 IS - 3 N2 - A prospective study of one hundred and eighty five children attending the paediatric units of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria were evaluated for urinary tract infection (UTI) by culture, microscopy and nitrite dipstick test. There were 118 males and 67 females (M:F = 1:1:1). Positive urine culture with significant bacteria was found in 45 samples (24.3%). Urine microscopy for leukocyturia was significant in 55 urine samples. Significant leukocyturia correctly identified 23 of the 45 culture positive urine samples, giving a sensitivity of 51.1%. Nitrite dipstick test correctly identified 13 of the 45 urine samples with proven UTI (28.9% sensitivity). The positive and negative values were 72.2% and 80.8% respectively. The nitrite dipstick test was found to be less sensitive than significant leukocyturia in detecting UTI. It is concluded that although the urinary nitrite dipstick test has an excellent specificity, it is not sensitive enough as a routine screening test for urinary tract infection in children. SN - 0189-160X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11126085/Use_of_nitrite_dipstick_test_in_the_screening_for_urinary_tract_infection_in_children_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -