Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The protective effect of hormone-replacement therapy on fracture risk is modulated by estrogen receptor alpha genotype in early postmenopausal women.
J Bone Miner Res. 2000 Dec; 15(12):2479-86.JB

Abstract

Genetic factors regulate bone mineral density (BMD) and possibly development of osteoporosis. It has been suggested that estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) genotype is associated with BMD, but the association between ERalpha genotype, fracture risk, and postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has not been studied. Therefore, we evaluated whether ERalpha polymorphism is associated with fracture risk in a 5-year trial with HRT in a population-based, randomized group of 331 early postmenopausal women. The participants consisted of two treatment groups: the HRT group (n = 151) received a sequential combination of 2 mg of estradiol valerate (E2Val) and 1 mg of cyproterone acetate with or without vitamin D3, 100-300 IU + 93 mg calcium as lactate per day; and the non-HRT group (n = 180) received 93 mg of calcium alone or in combination with vitamin D3, 100-300 IU/day. All new symptomatic, radiographically defined fractures were recorded. Pvu II restriction fragment length polymorphism of the ERalpha was determined using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In all, 28 women sustained 33 fractures during the approximately 5.1-year follow-up. In the HRT group, the ERalpha genotype (PP, Pp, and pp) was not significantly associated with fracture risk (p = 0.138; Cox proportional hazards model). When the genotype was dichotomized (PP + Pp vs. pp), the incidence of new fractures in the HRT group was significantly reduced in women with the P allele (p = 0.046) with the relative risk (HR) of 0.25 (95% CI, 0.07-0.98), in comparison with the non-P allele group. After adjustment for time since menopause and previous fracture, the association between the dichotomous genotype and fracture risk persisted with HR of 0.24 (95% CI, 0.06-0.95;p = 0.042). In the non-HRT group, the ERalpha genotype was not significantly associated with fracture risk. During HRT, women with the pp genotype have a greater fracture risk than those with the P allele. The results suggest that the pp genotype is a relatively hormone-insensitive genotype, and it appears that women with the P allele may benefit more from the protective effect of HRT on fracture risk than women with the pp genotype.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biochemistry, University of Kuopio, Finland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11127213

Citation

Salmén, T, et al. "The Protective Effect of Hormone-replacement Therapy On Fracture Risk Is Modulated By Estrogen Receptor Alpha Genotype in Early Postmenopausal Women." Journal of Bone and Mineral Research : the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 15, no. 12, 2000, pp. 2479-86.
Salmén T, Heikkinen AM, Mahonen A, et al. The protective effect of hormone-replacement therapy on fracture risk is modulated by estrogen receptor alpha genotype in early postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res. 2000;15(12):2479-86.
Salmén, T., Heikkinen, A. M., Mahonen, A., Kröger, H., Komulainen, M., Saarikoski, S., Honkanen, R., & Mäenpää, P. H. (2000). The protective effect of hormone-replacement therapy on fracture risk is modulated by estrogen receptor alpha genotype in early postmenopausal women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research : the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 15(12), 2479-86.
Salmén T, et al. The Protective Effect of Hormone-replacement Therapy On Fracture Risk Is Modulated By Estrogen Receptor Alpha Genotype in Early Postmenopausal Women. J Bone Miner Res. 2000;15(12):2479-86. PubMed PMID: 11127213.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The protective effect of hormone-replacement therapy on fracture risk is modulated by estrogen receptor alpha genotype in early postmenopausal women. AU - Salmén,T, AU - Heikkinen,A M, AU - Mahonen,A, AU - Kröger,H, AU - Komulainen,M, AU - Saarikoski,S, AU - Honkanen,R, AU - Mäenpää,P H, PY - 2000/12/29/pubmed PY - 2001/2/28/medline PY - 2000/12/29/entrez SP - 2479 EP - 86 JF - Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research JO - J Bone Miner Res VL - 15 IS - 12 N2 - Genetic factors regulate bone mineral density (BMD) and possibly development of osteoporosis. It has been suggested that estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) genotype is associated with BMD, but the association between ERalpha genotype, fracture risk, and postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has not been studied. Therefore, we evaluated whether ERalpha polymorphism is associated with fracture risk in a 5-year trial with HRT in a population-based, randomized group of 331 early postmenopausal women. The participants consisted of two treatment groups: the HRT group (n = 151) received a sequential combination of 2 mg of estradiol valerate (E2Val) and 1 mg of cyproterone acetate with or without vitamin D3, 100-300 IU + 93 mg calcium as lactate per day; and the non-HRT group (n = 180) received 93 mg of calcium alone or in combination with vitamin D3, 100-300 IU/day. All new symptomatic, radiographically defined fractures were recorded. Pvu II restriction fragment length polymorphism of the ERalpha was determined using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In all, 28 women sustained 33 fractures during the approximately 5.1-year follow-up. In the HRT group, the ERalpha genotype (PP, Pp, and pp) was not significantly associated with fracture risk (p = 0.138; Cox proportional hazards model). When the genotype was dichotomized (PP + Pp vs. pp), the incidence of new fractures in the HRT group was significantly reduced in women with the P allele (p = 0.046) with the relative risk (HR) of 0.25 (95% CI, 0.07-0.98), in comparison with the non-P allele group. After adjustment for time since menopause and previous fracture, the association between the dichotomous genotype and fracture risk persisted with HR of 0.24 (95% CI, 0.06-0.95;p = 0.042). In the non-HRT group, the ERalpha genotype was not significantly associated with fracture risk. During HRT, women with the pp genotype have a greater fracture risk than those with the P allele. The results suggest that the pp genotype is a relatively hormone-insensitive genotype, and it appears that women with the P allele may benefit more from the protective effect of HRT on fracture risk than women with the pp genotype. SN - 0884-0431 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11127213/The_protective_effect_of_hormone_replacement_therapy_on_fracture_risk_is_modulated_by_estrogen_receptor_alpha_genotype_in_early_postmenopausal_women_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1359/jbmr.2000.15.12.2479 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -