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Plant sterols and risk of stomach cancer: a case-control study in Uruguay.
Nutr Cancer 2000; 37(2):140-4NC

Abstract

In 1997-1999, 120 incident and histologically verified cases of stomach cancer were frequency matched on age, gender, residence, and urban/rural status with 360 controls to study the role of diet in gastric cancer in Uruguay. We focused on the role of plant sterols (beta-sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, and total plant sterols) after controlling for major confounders. Total phytosterols were associated with a strong inverse relationship with stomach cancer (odds ratio of stomach cancer for total phytosterol intake in the highest tertile = 0.33, 95% confidence interval = 0.17-0.65). Joint exposure to high intake of total phytosterol and alpha-carotene was also inversely associated with gastric cancer risk (odds ratio = 0.09, 95% confidence interval = 0.02-0.32). High intake of total plant sterols explained most of the attenuation in risk of gastric cancer associated with vegetable and fruit intakes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Registro Nacional de Cáncer, Montevideo, Uruguay.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11142085

Citation

De Stefani, E, et al. "Plant Sterols and Risk of Stomach Cancer: a Case-control Study in Uruguay." Nutrition and Cancer, vol. 37, no. 2, 2000, pp. 140-4.
De Stefani E, Boffetta P, Ronco AL, et al. Plant sterols and risk of stomach cancer: a case-control study in Uruguay. Nutr Cancer. 2000;37(2):140-4.
De Stefani, E., Boffetta, P., Ronco, A. L., Brennan, P., Deneo-Pellegrini, H., Carzoglio, J. C., & Mendilaharsu, M. (2000). Plant sterols and risk of stomach cancer: a case-control study in Uruguay. Nutrition and Cancer, 37(2), pp. 140-4.
De Stefani E, et al. Plant Sterols and Risk of Stomach Cancer: a Case-control Study in Uruguay. Nutr Cancer. 2000;37(2):140-4. PubMed PMID: 11142085.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Plant sterols and risk of stomach cancer: a case-control study in Uruguay. AU - De Stefani,E, AU - Boffetta,P, AU - Ronco,A L, AU - Brennan,P, AU - Deneo-Pellegrini,H, AU - Carzoglio,J C, AU - Mendilaharsu,M, PY - 2001/1/6/pubmed PY - 2001/10/12/medline PY - 2001/1/6/entrez SP - 140 EP - 4 JF - Nutrition and cancer JO - Nutr Cancer VL - 37 IS - 2 N2 - In 1997-1999, 120 incident and histologically verified cases of stomach cancer were frequency matched on age, gender, residence, and urban/rural status with 360 controls to study the role of diet in gastric cancer in Uruguay. We focused on the role of plant sterols (beta-sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, and total plant sterols) after controlling for major confounders. Total phytosterols were associated with a strong inverse relationship with stomach cancer (odds ratio of stomach cancer for total phytosterol intake in the highest tertile = 0.33, 95% confidence interval = 0.17-0.65). Joint exposure to high intake of total phytosterol and alpha-carotene was also inversely associated with gastric cancer risk (odds ratio = 0.09, 95% confidence interval = 0.02-0.32). High intake of total plant sterols explained most of the attenuation in risk of gastric cancer associated with vegetable and fruit intakes. SN - 0163-5581 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11142085/Plant_sterols_and_risk_of_stomach_cancer:_a_case_control_study_in_Uruguay_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1207/S15327914NC372_4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -