Effects of conventional and high-intensity light-curing on enamel shear bond strength of composite resin and resin-modified glass-ionomer.Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2001 Jan; 119(1):30-5.AJ
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strengths of a composite resin (Transbond XT; 3M/Unitek, Monrovia, Calif) and a resin-modified glass ionomer (Fuji Ortho LC; GC America Inc, Alsip, Ill) cured with 2 different light-curing units: a conventional visible light unit (Ortholux XT; 3M Dental Products, St Paul, Minn) and a xenon arc light unit (Plasma Arc Curing [PAC] System; American Dental Technologies, Corpus Christi, Texas). One hundred twenty freshly extracted bovine permanent mandibular incisors were randomly divided into 1 of 8 groups; each group consisted of 15 specimens. Two groups (1 group for each type of adhesive) were exposed to the visible light for 20 seconds (Transbond XT) and 40 seconds (Fuji Ortho LC), respectively, and used as control groups. The remaining 6 groups (3 for each adhesive) were cured with the xenon arc light for 2, 5, and 10 seconds. After bonding, all samples were stored in distilled water at room temperature for 24 hours and subsequently tested in a shear mode on an Instron universal testing machine (Instron Corp, Canton, Mass). For the groups bonded with Transbond XT, no statistically significant differences (P =.868) were found between the shear bond strength of the control group cured with Ortholux XT and those of the groups cured with the PAC System for 2, 5, or 10 seconds. When the shear bond strengths of the groups bonded with Fuji Ortho LC were evaluated, no statistically significant differences (P =.087) were found between the control group that was cured with Ortholux XT and those cured with the PAC System. The bond strength of the composite resin was significantly higher than that of the resin-modified glass ionomer in all the groups tested (P <.0001). The present findings indicate that, compared with visible light-curing, the xenon arc light enables the clinician to significantly reduce the curing time of both bonding agents, without affecting their shear bond strengths. Therefore, xenon arc light sources can be recommended as an advantageous alternative for curing both composite resins and resin-modified glass ionomers.