Peripheral T-cell subsets in patients with reticular and atrophic-erosive oral lichen planus.Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2001 Feb; 91(2):180-8.OS
Oral lichen planus (OLP) presents with various clinical forms that can be classified into 2 major types: reticular OLP and atrophic-erosive OLP. Our objective was to investigate immunologic differences between these 2 types.
We investigated possible immunologic differences between 26 patients with reticular OLP and 26 patients with atrophic-erosive OLP.
No differences were detected in serum Ig levels or complement levels. However, the mean proportions of CD4+CD45RO+ and DR+ lymphocytes were significantly higher in patients with atrophic-erosive OLP than in patients with reticular OLP, whereas the mean proportion of CD8+CD45RA+ lymphocytes was significantly lower in patients with atrophic-erosive OLP.
These findings suggest that the 2 clinical types of OLP might have different immunopathogenic mechanisms.