[Nutrition disorders in persons qualified for the methadone treatment. Part II. Food choice and intake in diets of opiate addicts].Przegl Lek 2000; 57(10):544-8PL
The aim of the study is to establish the composition and nutritional value of daily food in the group of opiate addicted patients qualified to methadone therapy. The presented data show the results of the survey carried out at the start of the treatment in the group of 42 patients (13 women aged from 21-33 years and 29 men aged from 21-46 years). For the dietary survey the method of 24 hour recall was used: nutrients of daily individual diets and mean values with standard deviations for examined groups were calculated with use of own computer programme and polish food composition data. The proportion of energy covered by groups of food products was also calculated. The results show wide distribution of food consumption: the mean level of the daily energy intake was 2438 kcal (SD +/- 976, range 492 kcal to 4193 kcal.) in the group of men, and 2039 kcal (SD +/- 925, range 561-3860 kcal) in the group of women. The mean protein intake was 82 g (13.4 E%) for men and 63 g (12.4 E%) for women. In the diet of 5 men and 6 women carbohydrate energy exceeded 70% of the total energy intake, indicating high consumption of food items containing considerable amounts of sugar (bonbons, confectionery, cakes, sweets, chocolate, sweet drinks and similar).