[Therapeutic strategy in symptomatic diverticular disease of the colon].Chir Ital. 2000 Nov-Dec; 52(6):631-41.CI
Diverticular disease of the colon has been recorded with increasing frequency and approximately 25-30% of symptomatic patients require surgery for complications. Controversy still surrounds the best operative approach for the management of diverticular disease, particularly when it presents with complications. The three-stage operation has, for the most part, been abandoned because of its unacceptably high morbidity and mortality rates. Today it is generally believed that performing two-stage surgery is a wise decision, namely segmentary resection either without (Hartmann's procedure) or with anastomosis, protected by a covering colostomy. However, the ideal intervention is a one-stage surgical procedure (segmentary resection and primary anastomosis without a covering colostomy), but this can only be performed in selected patients. The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical course and the medical and surgical therapy retrospectively in 79 patients with symptomatic diverticular disease in order to identify the best therapeutic procedure; specifically, the severity of septic complications was evaluated using Hinchey's classification. The authors conclude that most patients with symptomatic diverticular disease require specific medical therapy. If surgical treatment is necessary (complicated diverticular disease), Hartmann's procedure is still a valid surgical option, particularly in the presence of diffuse faecal peritonitis. Colonic resection and primary anastomosis are certainly a satisfactory treatment, because of their low morbidity and mortality rates, but this surgical approach is only feasible in selected patients. Finally, it is a matter for the individual surgeon's experience to select the best surgical procedure in any particular situation, depending on age and general state, local findings and the extent of peritonitis.