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Feasibility of, and success in adopting a low-fat diet in coronary patients.
Scand J Rehabil Med 2000; 32(4):180-6SJ

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of dietary counselling and the predictability of success in reducing fat intake to less than 20% of total energy in patients with symptomatic coronary heart disease. Forty-seven patients with coronary heart disease attended a 2-week in-house cardiac rehabilitation course with the main emphasis on individual dietary counselling by a nutritionist. Patients were followed up at 3 and 6 months. The dietary data were collected by means of 3-7 days food diaries. Mean fat intake decreased from 33.6 +/- 6.2% to 24.7 +/- 5.5% of total energy intake at 3 months and to 27.0 +/- 6.9% (p < 0.001) at 6 months. Only 13% of the patients were able to reduce their dietary fat intake as recommended. Thus, reduction of > or = 20% was considered a good response, while reduction of < 20% was classified as poor. Forty-seven percent (n = 22) of the patients were good and 53% (n = 25) poor responders. It was not possible to predict the success rate from the baseline data. After a 2-week intensive counselling period at the rehabilitation centre, half of the coronary patients were able to comply with a low-fat diet at home for 6 months. Long-term compliance requires further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research and Development Centre, Social Insurance Institution, Turku, Finland. Helena.Hamalainen@kela.memonet.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11201625

Citation

Hämäläinen, H, et al. "Feasibility Of, and Success in Adopting a Low-fat Diet in Coronary Patients." Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 32, no. 4, 2000, pp. 180-6.
Hämäläinen H, Paalosmaa-Puusa P, Seppänen R, et al. Feasibility of, and success in adopting a low-fat diet in coronary patients. Scand J Rehabil Med. 2000;32(4):180-6.
Hämäläinen, H., Paalosmaa-Puusa, P., Seppänen, R., Rastas, M., Knuts, L. R., & Voipio-Pulkki, L. M. (2000). Feasibility of, and success in adopting a low-fat diet in coronary patients. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 32(4), pp. 180-6.
Hämäläinen H, et al. Feasibility Of, and Success in Adopting a Low-fat Diet in Coronary Patients. Scand J Rehabil Med. 2000;32(4):180-6. PubMed PMID: 11201625.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Feasibility of, and success in adopting a low-fat diet in coronary patients. AU - Hämäläinen,H, AU - Paalosmaa-Puusa,P, AU - Seppänen,R, AU - Rastas,M, AU - Knuts,L R, AU - Voipio-Pulkki,L M, PY - 2001/2/24/pubmed PY - 2001/4/6/medline PY - 2001/2/24/entrez SP - 180 EP - 6 JF - Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine JO - Scand J Rehabil Med VL - 32 IS - 4 N2 - The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of dietary counselling and the predictability of success in reducing fat intake to less than 20% of total energy in patients with symptomatic coronary heart disease. Forty-seven patients with coronary heart disease attended a 2-week in-house cardiac rehabilitation course with the main emphasis on individual dietary counselling by a nutritionist. Patients were followed up at 3 and 6 months. The dietary data were collected by means of 3-7 days food diaries. Mean fat intake decreased from 33.6 +/- 6.2% to 24.7 +/- 5.5% of total energy intake at 3 months and to 27.0 +/- 6.9% (p < 0.001) at 6 months. Only 13% of the patients were able to reduce their dietary fat intake as recommended. Thus, reduction of > or = 20% was considered a good response, while reduction of < 20% was classified as poor. Forty-seven percent (n = 22) of the patients were good and 53% (n = 25) poor responders. It was not possible to predict the success rate from the baseline data. After a 2-week intensive counselling period at the rehabilitation centre, half of the coronary patients were able to comply with a low-fat diet at home for 6 months. Long-term compliance requires further investigation. SN - 0036-5505 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11201625/Feasibility_of_and_success_in_adopting_a_low_fat_diet_in_coronary_patients_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -