Resin-modified glass-ionomer restorations and in vitro secondary caries formation in coronal enamel.Quintessence Int. 2000 Sep; 31(8):570-8.QI
The purpose of this laboratory study was to compare the effects of a resin-modified glass ionomer and a resin composite restorative material on secondary caries formation in coronal enamel.
METHOD AND MATERIALS
Twelve caries-free molars were sectioned into tooth quarters. Coronal cavities were prepared and then restored with either a resin-modified glass-ionomer material (mesiobuccal and mesiolingual tooth quarters), or a resin composite (distobuccal and distolingual tooth quarters). Caries like lesions were created, and secondary caries was examined by polarized light microscopy following lesion initiation and progression periods.
The resin-modified glass-ionomer specimens had significantly shallower primary surface lesions at both the lesion initiation (35% shallower) and progression (45% shallower) periods than did the resin composite specimens. There were significantly fewer wall lesions (3-fold and 2-fold fewer following lesion initiation and progression, respectively) in the resin-modified glass-ionomer group than in the resin composite group.
Resin-modified glass-ionomer restorations reduce the susceptibility of unrestored adjacent enamel surfaces and cavosurfaces to a constant cariogenic challenge. The caries resistance imparted to the surface enamel and cavosurface is most likely due to the fluoride release from the resin-modified glass-ionomer material.