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Teacher reports of DSM-IV ADHD, ODD, and CD symptoms in schoolchildren.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001 Feb; 40(2):241-9.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the prevalence of DSM-IV symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder and age, gender, and comorbidity differences between ADHD subtypes.

METHOD

Teachers completed a DSM-IV-referenced symptom inventory for 3,006 schoolchildren aged between 3 and 18 years.

RESULTS

The screening prevalence rate of ADHD behaviors was 15.8%; rates for individual subtypes were 9.9% for inattentive, 2.4% for hyperactive-impulsive, and 3.6% for combined. The inattentive type was relatively uncommon in preschool children (3.9%), whereas the hyperactive-impulsive type was least common in teenagers (0.8%). Screening prevalence rates were higher for African-American (39.5%) than white (14.2%) students, but did not vary significantly (p < .05) as a function of geographic region or socioeconomic status. ADHD subtypes were rated as more impaired than the non-ADHD group on most measures and were easily differentiated on the basis of comorbid symptoms, social skills impairment, and special education services.

CONCLUSIONS

The findings of this and similar studies show relatively high convergence for the prevalence of ADHD behaviors and differences between ADHD subtypes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, State University of New York, Stony Brook, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11211374

Citation

Nolan, E E., et al. "Teacher Reports of DSM-IV ADHD, ODD, and CD Symptoms in Schoolchildren." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 40, no. 2, 2001, pp. 241-9.
Nolan EE, Gadow KD, Sprafkin J. Teacher reports of DSM-IV ADHD, ODD, and CD symptoms in schoolchildren. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001;40(2):241-9.
Nolan, E. E., Gadow, K. D., & Sprafkin, J. (2001). Teacher reports of DSM-IV ADHD, ODD, and CD symptoms in schoolchildren. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(2), 241-9.
Nolan EE, Gadow KD, Sprafkin J. Teacher Reports of DSM-IV ADHD, ODD, and CD Symptoms in Schoolchildren. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001;40(2):241-9. PubMed PMID: 11211374.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Teacher reports of DSM-IV ADHD, ODD, and CD symptoms in schoolchildren. AU - Nolan,E E, AU - Gadow,K D, AU - Sprafkin,J, PY - 2001/2/24/pubmed PY - 2001/3/10/medline PY - 2001/2/24/entrez SP - 241 EP - 9 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 40 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of DSM-IV symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder and age, gender, and comorbidity differences between ADHD subtypes. METHOD: Teachers completed a DSM-IV-referenced symptom inventory for 3,006 schoolchildren aged between 3 and 18 years. RESULTS: The screening prevalence rate of ADHD behaviors was 15.8%; rates for individual subtypes were 9.9% for inattentive, 2.4% for hyperactive-impulsive, and 3.6% for combined. The inattentive type was relatively uncommon in preschool children (3.9%), whereas the hyperactive-impulsive type was least common in teenagers (0.8%). Screening prevalence rates were higher for African-American (39.5%) than white (14.2%) students, but did not vary significantly (p < .05) as a function of geographic region or socioeconomic status. ADHD subtypes were rated as more impaired than the non-ADHD group on most measures and were easily differentiated on the basis of comorbid symptoms, social skills impairment, and special education services. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this and similar studies show relatively high convergence for the prevalence of ADHD behaviors and differences between ADHD subtypes. SN - 0890-8567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11211374/Teacher_reports_of_DSM_IV_ADHD_ODD_and_CD_symptoms_in_schoolchildren_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-8567(09)60375-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -