Landing periodicity of Aedes aegypti with implications for dengue transmission in Trinidad, West Indies.J Vector Ecol. 2000 Dec; 25(2):158-63.JV
The diel landing/biting periodicity of the Trinidad strain of Aedes aegypti (L.) was monitored using human-bait during January-August 1999. Hourly light intensities were measured both indoors and outdoors at both urban and rural sites. The periodicity of females was diurnal and nocturnal, with 90% arriving during daylight and twilight and 10% during the night. The pattern of landing was trimodal, with consistent peaks at 0700 h, 1100 h and 1700 h. The diel periodicities at indoor and outdoor urban sites were virtually identical. In contrast, the periodicities in rural areas differed, with no nocturnal activities being recorded at indoor and outdoor sites. At both urban and rural sites, larger numbers of adults were collected outside than inside houses. A significant correlation between light intensities and mosquito landing patterns was observed. The implications of the changing landing patterns of Ae. aegypti within urban areas are discussed in light of the epidemiology and control of dengue fever in Trinidad.