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The interrelations of migraine, vertigo, and migrainous vertigo.
Neurology. 2001 Feb 27; 56(4):436-41.Neur

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the prevalence of migrainous vertigo in patients with migraine and in patients with vertigo according to explicit diagnostic criteria that are presented for discussion.

METHODS

The authors prospectively evaluated 200 consecutive patients from a dizziness clinic and 200 patients from a migraine clinic for migrainous vertigo based on the following criteria: 1) recurrent vestibular symptoms (rotatory/positional vertigo, other illusory self or object motion, head motion intolerance); 2) migraine according to the criteria of the International Headache Society (IHS); 3) at least one of the following migrainous symptoms during at least two vertiginous attacks: migrainous headache, photophobia, phonophobia, visual or other auras; and 4) other causes ruled out by appropriate investigations. In addition, the authors compared the prevalence of migraine according to the IHS criteria in the dizziness clinic group with a sex- and age-matched control group of 200 orthopedic patients.

RESULTS

The prevalence of migraine according to the IHS criteria was higher in the dizziness clinic group (38%) compared with the age- and sex-matched control group (24%, p < 0.01). The prevalence of migrainous vertigo was 7% in the dizziness clinic group, and 9% in the migraine clinic group. In 15 of 33 patients with migrainous vertigo, vertigo was regularly associated with migrainous headache. In 16 patients, vertigo occurred both with and without headache, and in two patients headache and vertigo never occurred together. The duration of attacks varied from minutes to days.

CONCLUSION

These results substantiate the epidemiologic association between migraine and vertigo and indicate that migrainous vertigo affects a significant proportion of patients both in dizziness and headache clinics.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Neurologische Klinik, Charité, Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Germany. hanne.neuhauser@charite.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11222783

Citation

Neuhauser, H, et al. "The Interrelations of Migraine, Vertigo, and Migrainous Vertigo." Neurology, vol. 56, no. 4, 2001, pp. 436-41.
Neuhauser H, Leopold M, von Brevern M, et al. The interrelations of migraine, vertigo, and migrainous vertigo. Neurology. 2001;56(4):436-41.
Neuhauser, H., Leopold, M., von Brevern, M., Arnold, G., & Lempert, T. (2001). The interrelations of migraine, vertigo, and migrainous vertigo. Neurology, 56(4), 436-41.
Neuhauser H, et al. The Interrelations of Migraine, Vertigo, and Migrainous Vertigo. Neurology. 2001 Feb 27;56(4):436-41. PubMed PMID: 11222783.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The interrelations of migraine, vertigo, and migrainous vertigo. AU - Neuhauser,H, AU - Leopold,M, AU - von Brevern,M, AU - Arnold,G, AU - Lempert,T, PY - 2001/2/27/pubmed PY - 2001/4/6/medline PY - 2001/2/27/entrez SP - 436 EP - 41 JF - Neurology JO - Neurology VL - 56 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of migrainous vertigo in patients with migraine and in patients with vertigo according to explicit diagnostic criteria that are presented for discussion. METHODS: The authors prospectively evaluated 200 consecutive patients from a dizziness clinic and 200 patients from a migraine clinic for migrainous vertigo based on the following criteria: 1) recurrent vestibular symptoms (rotatory/positional vertigo, other illusory self or object motion, head motion intolerance); 2) migraine according to the criteria of the International Headache Society (IHS); 3) at least one of the following migrainous symptoms during at least two vertiginous attacks: migrainous headache, photophobia, phonophobia, visual or other auras; and 4) other causes ruled out by appropriate investigations. In addition, the authors compared the prevalence of migraine according to the IHS criteria in the dizziness clinic group with a sex- and age-matched control group of 200 orthopedic patients. RESULTS: The prevalence of migraine according to the IHS criteria was higher in the dizziness clinic group (38%) compared with the age- and sex-matched control group (24%, p < 0.01). The prevalence of migrainous vertigo was 7% in the dizziness clinic group, and 9% in the migraine clinic group. In 15 of 33 patients with migrainous vertigo, vertigo was regularly associated with migrainous headache. In 16 patients, vertigo occurred both with and without headache, and in two patients headache and vertigo never occurred together. The duration of attacks varied from minutes to days. CONCLUSION: These results substantiate the epidemiologic association between migraine and vertigo and indicate that migrainous vertigo affects a significant proportion of patients both in dizziness and headache clinics. SN - 0028-3878 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11222783/The_interrelations_of_migraine_vertigo_and_migrainous_vertigo_ L2 - http://www.neurology.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&amp;pmid=11222783 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -