Cross reactivity of different specific Micrurus antivenom sera with homologous and heterologous snake venoms.Toxicon. 2001 Jul; 39(7):949-53.T
Coral snakes are the only Elapids in America. They are represented by three genera: Leptomicrurus, Micruroides and Micrurus, of which the latter are the most abundant and diversified group. Little is known about the biochemistry of Micrurus venoms due to low availability. Here, we present a study on the cross reactivity of different specific Micrurus antivenom with homologous and heterologous snake venoms in order to contribute to the generation of more efficient antiserum for therapeutic purposes. The three specific antisera tested, anti-Micrurus corallinus, anti-Micrurus frontalis, and anti-Micrurus spixii, as well as the bivalent anti-elapid venom sera, raised against a mixture (50% each) of Micrurus frontalis and Micrurus corallinus venoms, were assayed by Western Blot against Micrurus and non-Micrurus elapid venoms. An antisera raised against a recombinant alpha-neurotoxin-like protein from Micrurus corallinus venom, only reacted in Western blot with its homologous venom, indicating that this protein is specific for Micrurus corallinus coral snake.