Analysis of illicit drugs by nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis and electrochemical detection.Fresenius J Anal Chem. 2000 Jun; 367(4):359-63.FJ
Nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) was applied to the determination of illicit drugs. The complete separation of amphetamine, methamphetamine, 3,4-methylene dioxy amphetamine (MDA), 3,4-methylene dioxy methamphetamine (MDMA), mescaline, cocaine and benzoylecgonine was obtained using an acetonitrile based buffer solution containing 10 mM sodium acetate and 1 M acetic acid. Electrochemical detection using a Pt microdisk electrode set to a potential of +1.8 V was found to be selective for MDA, MDMA and mescaline. The detection limits for these compounds were in the low ng/mL range which is between 2 and 3 orders of magnitude lower compared to UV-detection.