Low HDL-cholesterol: a component of the metabolic syndrome only in the presence of fasting hypertriglyceridemia in type 2 diabetic patients.Diabetes Metab 2001; 27(1):31-5DM
The relation between isolated low HDL-cholesterol and the components of the metabolic syndrome is poorly known in type 2 diabetes. We evaluated cardiovascular risk parameters in type 2 diabetic patients with low HDL-cholesterol, compared to those with low HDL-cholesterol and hypertriglyceridemia, isolated hypertriglyceridemia and normal lipid parameters. Patients with low HDL-cholesterol/high triglycerides had higher BMI (29.6 +/- 5.7 vs 27.9 +/- 4.4 or vs 28.1 +/- 5.2 kg/m(2)), prevalence of obesity (69% vs 55% or vs 54%), higher levels of uric acid (339.0 +/- 83.3 vs 303.3 +/- 95.2 or vs 303.3 +/- 89.2 micromol/l) and C-peptide (0.76 +/- 0.40 vs 0.63 +/- 0.33 or vs 0.63 +/- 0.36 nmol/l) and number of components of the metabolic syndrome (27% patients with all the components) compared to patients with isolated low HDL-cholesterol or normal subjects, respectively. A similar pattern of values was evident in patients with isolated hypertriglyceridemia. With logistic regression analysis, BMI and uric acid levels were significantly associated with the presence of hypertriglyceridemia (both isolated or associated with low HDL-cholesterol), while patients with isolated low HDL-cholesterol and those without dyslipidemia displayed a similar more favourable metabolic pattern. These results indicate that low HDL-cholesterol is a component of the metabolic syndrome only in the presence of fasting hypertriglyceridemia in type 2 diabetic patients.