The serological and molecular epidemiology of GB virus C/hepatitis G virus infection in a hepatitis C and B endemic area.J Infect. 2001 Jan; 42(1):61-6.JI
To investigate the serological and molecular characteristics of GB virus C/hepatitis G virus (GBV-C/HGV) infection in the hepatitis C virus (HCV)/hepatitis B virus (HBV)-endemic areas in Taiwan.
Sera from 200 residents from Masago, an HCV/HBV-endemic community in Taiwan, and 400 blood donors were tested for GBV-C/HGV RNA by using nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and for antibodies to GBV-C/HGV E2-protein (anti-E2) by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Phylogenetic analysis of GBV-C/HGV was performed.
The prevalence of GBV-C/HGV viraemia, anti-E2 and GBV-C/HGV exposure among residents of Masago was significantly higher than that among donors (17.0%, 25.5% and 39.5% vs. 3.3%, 7.5% and 10.3%, respectively; all P < 0.0001). In Masago, the prevalence of GBV-C/HGV exposure was significantly higher in residents exposed to HCV than in those without HCV exposure (45.8% vs. 24.1%;P< 0.005). Based on multivariate analyses, HCV viraemia was the only significant factor associated with elevated levels of alanine aminotransferase in Masago. Phylogenetic analysis showed all 34 GBV-C/HGV isolates from Masago clustered within genotype 3.
GBV-C/HGV was highly prevalent in Masago, an HCV/HBV-endemic community in Taiwan. HCV viraemia played the most important clinical hepatopathic role in the area. Infections with other hepatitis viruses did not influence the anti-E2 seroconversion from GBV-C/HGV infections.