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Protective quality of an aluminum hydroxide-absorbed broth bacterin against infectious coryza.

Abstract

Various aspects of immunity induced by a merthiolate-inactivated, aluminum hydroxide-absorbed chicken meat infusion (CMI) broth bacterin prepared from Haemophilus gallinarium were studied. A bacterin dose of 10-8 colony-forming units (CFU)/ml was the minimal dose which protected a significant number of chickens against intrasinus challenge with live organisms. This finding simplifies production procedures because yields of 10-8 CFU/ml of CMI broth are routinely obtained. A significant number of chickens vaccinated with the bacterin were immune to intrasinus challenge through 9 months postvaccination. On a comparative basis, an egg-yolk bacterin prepared from the same strain protected for only 3 months. Birds vaccinated with broth bacterins prepared from 2 strains of H gallinarum (17756 and M) which shared common surface antigens were immune to intrasinus inoculation with the homologous but not to the heterologous organisms. Preliminary data indicated that the broth bacterin prevented a sharp decrease in egg production when the immunity of vaccinated birds was challenged (instrasinus) at the height of egg production.

Authors

,

Source

American journal of veterinary research 36:4 Pt 2 1975 Apr pg 579-82

MeSH

Absorption
Agglutination Tests
Aluminum
Animals
Antigens, Bacterial
Bacterial Vaccines
Chickens
Eggs
Female
Haemophilus
Haemophilus Infections
Hydroxides
Injections, Intramuscular
Male
Oviposition
Poultry Diseases
Time Factors
Vaccination

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1124872

Citation

Matsumoto, M, and R Yamamoto. "Protective Quality of an Aluminum Hydroxide-absorbed Broth Bacterin Against Infectious Coryza." American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 36, no. 4 Pt 2, 1975, pp. 579-82.
Matsumoto M, Yamamoto R. Protective quality of an aluminum hydroxide-absorbed broth bacterin against infectious coryza. Am J Vet Res. 1975;36(4 Pt 2):579-82.
Matsumoto, M., & Yamamoto, R. (1975). Protective quality of an aluminum hydroxide-absorbed broth bacterin against infectious coryza. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 36(4 Pt 2), pp. 579-82.
Matsumoto M, Yamamoto R. Protective Quality of an Aluminum Hydroxide-absorbed Broth Bacterin Against Infectious Coryza. Am J Vet Res. 1975;36(4 Pt 2):579-82. PubMed PMID: 1124872.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Protective quality of an aluminum hydroxide-absorbed broth bacterin against infectious coryza. AU - Matsumoto,M, AU - Yamamoto,R, PY - 1975/4/1/pubmed PY - 1975/4/1/medline PY - 1975/4/1/entrez SP - 579 EP - 82 JF - American journal of veterinary research JO - Am. J. Vet. Res. VL - 36 IS - 4 Pt 2 N2 - Various aspects of immunity induced by a merthiolate-inactivated, aluminum hydroxide-absorbed chicken meat infusion (CMI) broth bacterin prepared from Haemophilus gallinarium were studied. A bacterin dose of 10-8 colony-forming units (CFU)/ml was the minimal dose which protected a significant number of chickens against intrasinus challenge with live organisms. This finding simplifies production procedures because yields of 10-8 CFU/ml of CMI broth are routinely obtained. A significant number of chickens vaccinated with the bacterin were immune to intrasinus challenge through 9 months postvaccination. On a comparative basis, an egg-yolk bacterin prepared from the same strain protected for only 3 months. Birds vaccinated with broth bacterins prepared from 2 strains of H gallinarum (17756 and M) which shared common surface antigens were immune to intrasinus inoculation with the homologous but not to the heterologous organisms. Preliminary data indicated that the broth bacterin prevented a sharp decrease in egg production when the immunity of vaccinated birds was challenged (instrasinus) at the height of egg production. SN - 0002-9645 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1124872/Protective_quality_of_an_aluminum_hydroxide_absorbed_broth_bacterin_against_infectious_coryza_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/haemophilusinfections.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -