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Dietary factors associated with physician-diagnosed asthma and allergic rhinitis in teenagers: analyses of the first Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan.

Abstract

The occurrence of asthma and allergy are related to lifestyle factors, and dietary pattern may be one of the contributing factors. To examine the possible association between dietary intake and the prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinitis in teenagers. In a population-based cross-sectional survey, the relationship was sought between food frequency and physician-diagnosed asthma and allergic rhinitis in 1166 adolescents aged 13-17. The prevalence was 4.0% for asthma and 12.4% for rhinitis. Living in an urbanized area was a significant predictor of asthma and rhinitis. In univariate analysis, higher frequencies of oily fish, butcher's meat, liver and deep-fried foods were associated with asthma. Relevant food frequency variables were dichotomized at the 75th percentile for multivariate logistic regression analysis, which included adjustment for two levels of urbanization. Asthma was associated with intakes of liver (OR = 2.32, 95%CI 1.11-4.80), deep-fried foods (OR = 2.13, 95%CI 1.06-4.30) and butcher's meat (OR 1.84, 95%CI 0.89-3.80). In a similar analysis, allergic rhinitis was associated with liver (OR = 1.67, 95%CI 1.06-2.63). No protective effect was demonstrated for any of the food items examined. Protein-rich and fat-rich foods of animal origin were associated with a higher prevalence of asthma in teenagers.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, 155, Sec. 2, Li-Nong Street, Taipei 11221, Taiwan, Republic of China.

    ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Asthma
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Diet
    Diet Surveys
    Female
    Food Hypersensitivity
    Humans
    Male
    Prevalence
    Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial
    Sampling Studies
    Taiwan

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    11251627

    Citation

    Huang, S L., et al. "Dietary Factors Associated With Physician-diagnosed Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis in Teenagers: Analyses of the First Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan." Clinical and Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 31, no. 2, 2001, pp. 259-64.
    Huang SL, Lin KC, Pan WH. Dietary factors associated with physician-diagnosed asthma and allergic rhinitis in teenagers: analyses of the first Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan. Clin Exp Allergy. 2001;31(2):259-64.
    Huang, S. L., Lin, K. C., & Pan, W. H. (2001). Dietary factors associated with physician-diagnosed asthma and allergic rhinitis in teenagers: analyses of the first Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan. Clinical and Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 31(2), pp. 259-64.
    Huang SL, Lin KC, Pan WH. Dietary Factors Associated With Physician-diagnosed Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis in Teenagers: Analyses of the First Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan. Clin Exp Allergy. 2001;31(2):259-64. PubMed PMID: 11251627.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary factors associated with physician-diagnosed asthma and allergic rhinitis in teenagers: analyses of the first Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan. AU - Huang,S L, AU - Lin,K C, AU - Pan,W H, PY - 2001/3/17/pubmed PY - 2001/8/17/medline PY - 2001/3/17/entrez SP - 259 EP - 64 JF - Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology JO - Clin. Exp. Allergy VL - 31 IS - 2 N2 - The occurrence of asthma and allergy are related to lifestyle factors, and dietary pattern may be one of the contributing factors. To examine the possible association between dietary intake and the prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinitis in teenagers. In a population-based cross-sectional survey, the relationship was sought between food frequency and physician-diagnosed asthma and allergic rhinitis in 1166 adolescents aged 13-17. The prevalence was 4.0% for asthma and 12.4% for rhinitis. Living in an urbanized area was a significant predictor of asthma and rhinitis. In univariate analysis, higher frequencies of oily fish, butcher's meat, liver and deep-fried foods were associated with asthma. Relevant food frequency variables were dichotomized at the 75th percentile for multivariate logistic regression analysis, which included adjustment for two levels of urbanization. Asthma was associated with intakes of liver (OR = 2.32, 95%CI 1.11-4.80), deep-fried foods (OR = 2.13, 95%CI 1.06-4.30) and butcher's meat (OR 1.84, 95%CI 0.89-3.80). In a similar analysis, allergic rhinitis was associated with liver (OR = 1.67, 95%CI 1.06-2.63). No protective effect was demonstrated for any of the food items examined. Protein-rich and fat-rich foods of animal origin were associated with a higher prevalence of asthma in teenagers. SN - 0954-7894 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11251627/full_citation L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0954-7894&date=2001&volume=31&issue=2&spage=259 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -