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[Cervical lymphatic metastases from occult primary tumor. A nation-wide 20-year study from the Danish society of head and neck oncology].
Ugeskr Laeger. 2001 Mar 05; 163(10):1432-6.UL

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The management of patients with cervical lymph node metastases from unknown primary tumours is a major challenge in oncology. This study presents data collected from all five oncology centres in Denmark.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Of the 352 consecutive patients with squamous cell or undifferentiated tumours seen from 1975 to 1995, a total of 277 (79%) were treated with radical intent. Most patients received radiotherapy to both sides of the neck as well as elective irradiation of the mucosal sites in nasopharynx, oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx (81%). Irradiation of the ipsilateral neck only was done in 26 patients (10%). Radical surgery was the only treatment in 23 N1-N2 patients (9%).

RESULTS

The five-year estimates of neck control, disease-specific survival and overall survival for radically treated patients were 51%, 48% and 36%, respectively. The emergence of the occult primary was observed in 66 patients (19%). About half of the emerging primaries were within the head and neck region with oropharynx, hypopharynx and oral cavity being the most common sites. Emerging primaries outside the head and neck region were primarily located in the lung (19 patients) and oesophagus (five patients). The most important factor for neck control was nodal stage (5-year estimates 69% [N1], 58% [N2] and 30% [N3]). Other important parameters for neck control and disease-specific survival included haemoglobin, gender and overall treatment time. Patients treated with ipsilateral radiotherapy had a relative risk of recurrence in the head and neck region of 1.9 compared to patients treated at both neck and mucosa. At five years, the estimated control rates were 27% (ipsilateral) and 51% (bilateral; p = 0.05). The 5-year disease-specific survival estimates were 28% and 45%, respectively (p = 0.10).

DISCUSSION

Extensive irradiation to both sides of the neck and the mucosa in the entire pharyngeal axis and larynx resulted in significantly fewer loco-regional failures compared to patients treated with ipsilateral techniques, but only a trend towards better survival. Determination of the optimal strategy in terms of loco-regional control, survival and morbidity requires a prospective randomized trial.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Arhus Universitetshospital, Arhus Kommunehospital, onkologisk afdeling. caigrau@dadlnet.dkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

dan

PubMed ID

11257752

Citation

Grau, C, et al. "[Cervical Lymphatic Metastases From Occult Primary Tumor. a Nation-wide 20-year Study From the Danish Society of Head and Neck Oncology]." Ugeskrift for Laeger, vol. 163, no. 10, 2001, pp. 1432-6.
Grau C, Johansen LV, Jakobsen J, et al. [Cervical lymphatic metastases from occult primary tumor. A nation-wide 20-year study from the Danish society of head and neck oncology]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2001;163(10):1432-6.
Grau, C., Johansen, L. V., Jakobsen, J., Geertsen, P. F., Andersen, E. V., & Jensen, B. B. (2001). [Cervical lymphatic metastases from occult primary tumor. A nation-wide 20-year study from the Danish society of head and neck oncology]. Ugeskrift for Laeger, 163(10), 1432-6.
Grau C, et al. [Cervical Lymphatic Metastases From Occult Primary Tumor. a Nation-wide 20-year Study From the Danish Society of Head and Neck Oncology]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2001 Mar 5;163(10):1432-6. PubMed PMID: 11257752.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Cervical lymphatic metastases from occult primary tumor. A nation-wide 20-year study from the Danish society of head and neck oncology]. AU - Grau,C, AU - Johansen,L V, AU - Jakobsen,J, AU - Geertsen,P F, AU - Andersen,E V, AU - Jensen,B B, PY - 2001/3/22/pubmed PY - 2001/5/1/medline PY - 2001/3/22/entrez SP - 1432 EP - 6 JF - Ugeskrift for laeger JO - Ugeskr Laeger VL - 163 IS - 10 N2 - INTRODUCTION: The management of patients with cervical lymph node metastases from unknown primary tumours is a major challenge in oncology. This study presents data collected from all five oncology centres in Denmark. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 352 consecutive patients with squamous cell or undifferentiated tumours seen from 1975 to 1995, a total of 277 (79%) were treated with radical intent. Most patients received radiotherapy to both sides of the neck as well as elective irradiation of the mucosal sites in nasopharynx, oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx (81%). Irradiation of the ipsilateral neck only was done in 26 patients (10%). Radical surgery was the only treatment in 23 N1-N2 patients (9%). RESULTS: The five-year estimates of neck control, disease-specific survival and overall survival for radically treated patients were 51%, 48% and 36%, respectively. The emergence of the occult primary was observed in 66 patients (19%). About half of the emerging primaries were within the head and neck region with oropharynx, hypopharynx and oral cavity being the most common sites. Emerging primaries outside the head and neck region were primarily located in the lung (19 patients) and oesophagus (five patients). The most important factor for neck control was nodal stage (5-year estimates 69% [N1], 58% [N2] and 30% [N3]). Other important parameters for neck control and disease-specific survival included haemoglobin, gender and overall treatment time. Patients treated with ipsilateral radiotherapy had a relative risk of recurrence in the head and neck region of 1.9 compared to patients treated at both neck and mucosa. At five years, the estimated control rates were 27% (ipsilateral) and 51% (bilateral; p = 0.05). The 5-year disease-specific survival estimates were 28% and 45%, respectively (p = 0.10). DISCUSSION: Extensive irradiation to both sides of the neck and the mucosa in the entire pharyngeal axis and larynx resulted in significantly fewer loco-regional failures compared to patients treated with ipsilateral techniques, but only a trend towards better survival. Determination of the optimal strategy in terms of loco-regional control, survival and morbidity requires a prospective randomized trial. SN - 0041-5782 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11257752/[Cervical_lymphatic_metastases_from_occult_primary_tumor__A_nation_wide_20_year_study_from_the_Danish_society_of_head_and_neck_oncology]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/headandneckcancer.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -