Recovery from vaginal hysterectomy compared with laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy: a prospective, randomized, multicenter study.Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2001 Apr; 80(4):337-41.AO
To evaluate short-term recovery of vaginal hysterectomy with those of laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy performed in a prospective, randomized multicentric study.
Eighty patients referred for hysterectomy for benign pathology were randomized to either vaginal hysterectomy (40 patients) or laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (40 patients). Inclusion criteria were uterine size larger than 280 g and one or more of the following: previous pelvic surgery, history of pelvic inflammatory disease, moderate or severe endometriosis, concomitant adnexal masses, and indication for adnexectomy. No upper limit of uterine size was set. All the laparoscopic and the vaginal hysterectomies were done under endotracheal general anesthesia.
There was no statistically significant difference in terms of patient's age, parity, postmenopausal state, indication for surgery and mean uterine weight between the 2 groups. Laparoconversion was performed in three women in the laparoscopic group. Operative time was significantly shorter in the vaginal versus the laparoscopic groups 108+/-35 and 160+/-50 respectively (p<0.001). The use of paracetamol, non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and opioid during hospitalization were similar in the 2 groups. There was no difference in the 1st day hemoglobin level drop, time of passing gas and stool, or hospital stay between the 2 groups.
In contrast with earlier reports, there was no difference in short-term recovery between patients undergoing vaginal or laparoscopic hysterectomy. No advantage was found performing laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy in comparison with the standard vaginal hysterectomy.