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Dietary factors and risk of spontaneous abortion.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study examines the association between dietary habits and risk of spontaneous abortion.

DESIGN

Hospital-based case-control study.

SETTING

Obstetric hospitals in Milan, Italy.

SUBJECTS

Cases were: 912 women admitted for spontaneous abortion (within the 12th week of gestation). Controls were: women who gave birth at term to healthy infants on randomly selected days at the same hospitals where cases had been identified.

RESULTS

The risk of spontaneous abortion was inversely and significantly related to green vegetables, fruit, milk, cheese, eggs and fish consumption. The multivariate odds ratios (OR), for highest versus lowest levels of intake, were 0.3 for fruit, 0.5 for cheese, 0.6 for green vegetables and milk and 0.7 for fish and eggs. The major type of seasoning fats have showed a direct association with risk of miscarriage. Comparing the highest with the lowest intake, the ORs were 2.0 (95% confidence interval, CI 1.1-3.6) and 1.6 (95% CI 1.1-2.3) for butter and oil, respectively. No consistent association emerged between meat, liver, ham and carrots intake and the risk of spontaneous abortion.

CONCLUSIONS

This result suggests that a diet poor in several aspects, including vegetables and fruit, milk and dairy products, but rich in fats, may be a determinant or a correlate of increased risk of spontaneous abortion.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milano, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11267735

Citation

Di Cintio, E, et al. "Dietary Factors and Risk of Spontaneous Abortion." European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, vol. 95, no. 1, 2001, pp. 132-6.
Di Cintio E, Parazzini F, Chatenoud L, et al. Dietary factors and risk of spontaneous abortion. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2001;95(1):132-6.
Di Cintio, E., Parazzini, F., Chatenoud, L., Surace, M., Benzi, G., Zanconato, G., & La Vecchia, C. (2001). Dietary factors and risk of spontaneous abortion. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, 95(1), pp. 132-6.
Di Cintio E, et al. Dietary Factors and Risk of Spontaneous Abortion. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2001;95(1):132-6. PubMed PMID: 11267735.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary factors and risk of spontaneous abortion. AU - Di Cintio,E, AU - Parazzini,F, AU - Chatenoud,L, AU - Surace,M, AU - Benzi,G, AU - Zanconato,G, AU - La Vecchia,C, PY - 2001/3/27/pubmed PY - 2001/7/13/medline PY - 2001/3/27/entrez SP - 132 EP - 6 JF - European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology JO - Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol. VL - 95 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study examines the association between dietary habits and risk of spontaneous abortion. DESIGN: Hospital-based case-control study. SETTING: Obstetric hospitals in Milan, Italy. SUBJECTS: Cases were: 912 women admitted for spontaneous abortion (within the 12th week of gestation). Controls were: women who gave birth at term to healthy infants on randomly selected days at the same hospitals where cases had been identified. RESULTS: The risk of spontaneous abortion was inversely and significantly related to green vegetables, fruit, milk, cheese, eggs and fish consumption. The multivariate odds ratios (OR), for highest versus lowest levels of intake, were 0.3 for fruit, 0.5 for cheese, 0.6 for green vegetables and milk and 0.7 for fish and eggs. The major type of seasoning fats have showed a direct association with risk of miscarriage. Comparing the highest with the lowest intake, the ORs were 2.0 (95% confidence interval, CI 1.1-3.6) and 1.6 (95% CI 1.1-2.3) for butter and oil, respectively. No consistent association emerged between meat, liver, ham and carrots intake and the risk of spontaneous abortion. CONCLUSIONS: This result suggests that a diet poor in several aspects, including vegetables and fruit, milk and dairy products, but rich in fats, may be a determinant or a correlate of increased risk of spontaneous abortion. SN - 0301-2115 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11267735/Dietary_factors_and_risk_of_spontaneous_abortion_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301211500003638 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -