Cefpodoxime proxetil: a review of its use in the management of bacterial infections in paediatric patients.Paediatr Drugs. 2001; 3(2):137-58.PD
Cefpodoxime proxetil is an oral third generation cephalosporin with a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity. The drug has in vitro activity against many common Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens associated with common paediatric infections, making the drug a useful option for empirical therapy. In randomised controlled trials conducted in children with acute otitis media, oral cefpodoxime proxetil 8 to 10 mg/kg/day (usually administered in 2 divided doses) for 5 to 10 days was at least as effective as standard regimens of amoxicillin/ clavulanic acid, cefixime, cefuroxime axetil or cefaclor as assessed by either clinical or bacteriological criteria. Cefpodoxime 8 to 10 mg/kg/day (administered in 2 divided doses) for 5 to 10 days was at least as effective as standard 10-day regimens of penicillin V in the treatment of children with pharyngitis and/or tonsillitis. Significant differences in favour of cefpodoxime proxetil were demonstrated in terms of clinical (1 study) and bacteriological (2 studies) criteria. The clinical efficacy of 5 days of treatment with cefpodoxime proxetil is similar to that of 10 days of treatment with penicillin V. In children with lower respiratory tract infections (primarily pneumonia), clinical and bacteriological efficacy rates achieved with cefpodoxime proxetil treatment were similar to those produced by cefuroxime axetil or amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in randomised controlled trials. Cefpodoxime proxetil also demonstrated clinical efficacy in paediatric patients with skin and soft tissue infections. In randomised studies that included both adults and children with a variety of infections (e.g. abscess, atheroma, furuncle and carbuncle, infected wounds, cellulitis), cefpodoxime proxetil showed efficacy similar to that of cefuroxime axetil or cefaclor. Cefpodoxime proxetil is well tolerated by paediatric patients, with adverse events (primarily gastrointestinal tract disturbances and skin rashes) that are consistent with those reported for other oral cephalosporins.
Cefpodoxime proxetil is a third generation cephalosporin with a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity and a favourable pharmacokinetic profile which allows twice-daily administration. It is generally well tolerated and demonstrates good bacteriological and clinical efficacy in paediatric patients with various infectious diseases, including acute otitis media, tonsillitis and/or pharyngitis. Based on these characteristics, cefpodoxime proxetil is a suitable option for the treatment of paediatric patients with various common bacterial infections.