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Drinking levels, alcohol problems and secondhand effects in substance-free college residences: results of a national study.
J Stud Alcohol 2001; 62(1):23-31JS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study examines alcohol use, associated problems and secondhand effects among residents of substance-free and alcohol-free housing on U.S. college campuses.

METHOD

In the spring of 1999, a nationally representative sample of students completed survey questionnaires regarding alcohol use and related behaviors. The responses of 2,555 (61.25% female) students living in different types of residences (substance-free, alcohol-free and unrestricted) at the 52 campuses at which these housing options existed were compared.

RESULTS

Substance-free residences were not substance-free; however, residents drank less heavily and experienced fewer alcohol-related problems and secondhand effects than students living in unrestricted housing. They were less likely (three fifths) to engage in heavy episodic drinking. The difference between students in substance-free and unrestricted housing was greatest for students who had not been heavy episodic drinkers in high school and for those on campuses with lower overall levels of heavy episodic drinking. In contrast, students who lived in alcohol-free halls were no less likely to be heavily involved in alcohol use than were students in unrestricted housing.

CONCLUSIONS

Residence in substance-free housing was associated with lower likelihood of heavy episodic drinking in college for students who were not heavy episodic drinkers in high school. Whether or not this is a causal relationship or a result of self-selection needs to be examined in a prospective study. These living arrangements are also associated with lower levels of secondhand effects. College administrators may want to consider offering or increasing their substance-free housing options as one possible method of decreasing heavy student drinking.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. hwechsle@hsph.harvard.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11271961

Citation

Wechsler, H, et al. "Drinking Levels, Alcohol Problems and Secondhand Effects in Substance-free College Residences: Results of a National Study." Journal of Studies On Alcohol, vol. 62, no. 1, 2001, pp. 23-31.
Wechsler H, Lee JE, Nelson TF, et al. Drinking levels, alcohol problems and secondhand effects in substance-free college residences: results of a national study. J Stud Alcohol. 2001;62(1):23-31.
Wechsler, H., Lee, J. E., Nelson, T. F., & Lee, H. (2001). Drinking levels, alcohol problems and secondhand effects in substance-free college residences: results of a national study. Journal of Studies On Alcohol, 62(1), pp. 23-31.
Wechsler H, et al. Drinking Levels, Alcohol Problems and Secondhand Effects in Substance-free College Residences: Results of a National Study. J Stud Alcohol. 2001;62(1):23-31. PubMed PMID: 11271961.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Drinking levels, alcohol problems and secondhand effects in substance-free college residences: results of a national study. AU - Wechsler,H, AU - Lee,J E, AU - Nelson,T F, AU - Lee,H, PY - 2001/3/29/pubmed PY - 2001/7/6/medline PY - 2001/3/29/entrez SP - 23 EP - 31 JF - Journal of studies on alcohol JO - J. Stud. Alcohol VL - 62 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study examines alcohol use, associated problems and secondhand effects among residents of substance-free and alcohol-free housing on U.S. college campuses. METHOD: In the spring of 1999, a nationally representative sample of students completed survey questionnaires regarding alcohol use and related behaviors. The responses of 2,555 (61.25% female) students living in different types of residences (substance-free, alcohol-free and unrestricted) at the 52 campuses at which these housing options existed were compared. RESULTS: Substance-free residences were not substance-free; however, residents drank less heavily and experienced fewer alcohol-related problems and secondhand effects than students living in unrestricted housing. They were less likely (three fifths) to engage in heavy episodic drinking. The difference between students in substance-free and unrestricted housing was greatest for students who had not been heavy episodic drinkers in high school and for those on campuses with lower overall levels of heavy episodic drinking. In contrast, students who lived in alcohol-free halls were no less likely to be heavily involved in alcohol use than were students in unrestricted housing. CONCLUSIONS: Residence in substance-free housing was associated with lower likelihood of heavy episodic drinking in college for students who were not heavy episodic drinkers in high school. Whether or not this is a causal relationship or a result of self-selection needs to be examined in a prospective study. These living arrangements are also associated with lower levels of secondhand effects. College administrators may want to consider offering or increasing their substance-free housing options as one possible method of decreasing heavy student drinking. SN - 0096-882X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11271961/Drinking_levels_alcohol_problems_and_secondhand_effects_in_substance_free_college_residences:_results_of_a_national_study_ L2 - https://www.jsad.com/doi/10.15288/jsa.2001.62.23 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -