Population growth of Euchlanis dilatata (Rotifera): combined effects of methyl parathion and food (Chlorella vulgaris).J Environ Sci Health B. 2001 Jan; 36(1):43-54.JE
In the present work, the combined impact of four concentrations (0, 0.0625, 0.125, and 0.25 mg/L) of methyl parathion and three densities (0.5 x 10(6), 1.0 x 10(6), and 2.0 x 10(6) cells/mL) of the green alga Chlorella vulgaris on the population growth of Euchlanis dilatata was studied. In general, regardless of the food level, an increase in the concentration of methyl parathion resulted in a significant reduction of the maximal population density and rate of population increase. The population growth rate in the controls ranged from 0.248 to 0.298; rates were lower in the presence of the pesticide. At any toxicant concentration, rotifers fed higher algal density showed significantly higher population growth compared with those at lower food levels. An interaction between toxicant and food level was evident on the population growth of E. dilatata. Results have been discussed in light of the protective role of algal density on the toxic effects of insecticides on rotifers and the differences in susceptibility to toxicants between planktonic and littoral rotifers.