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Chronic tinnitus as phantom auditory pain.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001 Apr; 124(4):394-400.OH

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To investigate similarities between patients who experience chronic tinnitus or pain and to formulate treatment strategies that are likely to be effective for patients who experience phantom auditory pain.

STUDY DESIGN

A total of 160 patients rated the severity and loudness of their tinnitus and completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and an abbreviated version of the Beck Depression Inventory (aBDI). Patients received counseling, audiometric testing, and matched the loudness of their tinnitus to sounds played through headphones.

SETTING

A specialized tinnitus clinic within an urban medical center.

RESULTS

Tinnitus severity was highly correlated with patients' degree of sleep disturbance, STAI, and aBDI scores. The self-rated (on a 1-to-10 scale)--but not the matched--loudness of tinnitus was correlated with tinnitus severity, sleep disturbance, STAI, and aBDI scores.

CONCLUSIONS

The severity of chronic tinnitus is correlated with the severity of insomnia, anxiety, and depression. These relationships are the same for many patients with chronic pain. Treatment recommendations are discussed in reference to these results.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tinnitus Clinic, Oregon Hearing Research Center, Department of Otolaryngology, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, 97201-3098, USA. folmerr@ohsu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11283496

Citation

Folmer, R L., et al. "Chronic Tinnitus as Phantom Auditory Pain." Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 124, no. 4, 2001, pp. 394-400.
Folmer RL, Griest SE, Martin WH. Chronic tinnitus as phantom auditory pain. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001;124(4):394-400.
Folmer, R. L., Griest, S. E., & Martin, W. H. (2001). Chronic tinnitus as phantom auditory pain. Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 124(4), 394-400.
Folmer RL, Griest SE, Martin WH. Chronic Tinnitus as Phantom Auditory Pain. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001;124(4):394-400. PubMed PMID: 11283496.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chronic tinnitus as phantom auditory pain. AU - Folmer,R L, AU - Griest,S E, AU - Martin,W H, PY - 2001/4/3/pubmed PY - 2001/6/23/medline PY - 2001/4/3/entrez SP - 394 EP - 400 JF - Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery JO - Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg VL - 124 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To investigate similarities between patients who experience chronic tinnitus or pain and to formulate treatment strategies that are likely to be effective for patients who experience phantom auditory pain. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 160 patients rated the severity and loudness of their tinnitus and completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and an abbreviated version of the Beck Depression Inventory (aBDI). Patients received counseling, audiometric testing, and matched the loudness of their tinnitus to sounds played through headphones. SETTING: A specialized tinnitus clinic within an urban medical center. RESULTS: Tinnitus severity was highly correlated with patients' degree of sleep disturbance, STAI, and aBDI scores. The self-rated (on a 1-to-10 scale)--but not the matched--loudness of tinnitus was correlated with tinnitus severity, sleep disturbance, STAI, and aBDI scores. CONCLUSIONS: The severity of chronic tinnitus is correlated with the severity of insomnia, anxiety, and depression. These relationships are the same for many patients with chronic pain. Treatment recommendations are discussed in reference to these results. SN - 0194-5998 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11283496/Chronic_tinnitus_as_phantom_auditory_pain_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1067/mhn.2001.114673?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -