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[Antileukotrienes in the prevention of postoperative recurrence of nasal polyposis in ASA syndrome].
Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2000 Oct; 20(5):336-42.AO

Abstract

There is a high incidence of post-surgical recurrences of nasal polyps (NP) in patients suffering from the ASA Syndrome. The numerous theories as to the pathogenesis of the ASA Syndrome include an increase in lipoxygenase-mediated arachidonic acid metabolism, with the subsequent hyperproduction of leukotrienes (LT), and an inhibition of the cycloxygenase. Therefore, based on the information acquired on the immunobiological action mechanism of montelukast, a cysteinyl-LT receptor antagonist, it appeared worth testing the effectiveness of this substance in preventing post-surgical NP recurrences in a group of ASA Syndrome patients. After taking a case history, filling out a questionnaire scoring nasal symptoms, undergoing rhinoendoscopy and rhinomanometry, 40 patients suffering from ASA-Syndrome and NP (age range 30-72 years) were recruited for the study. They were uniformly classified according to Lund and Mackay using high resolution CT of the nose and paranasal sinuses performed after at least 1 month of nasal medical treatment. All the patients underwent microendoscopic anterior-posterior ethmoidectomy and bilateral maxillary antrostomy. After removing the nasal packing, the only treatment administered was 10 mg of montelukast/die for 6 months, with the drug suspended for 1 months after the first 3 months of treatment. The monthly follow-up included rhinoendoscopy, rhinomanometry and the questionnaire to score symptoms. After the seventh month a new CT was performed and compared with the pre-operative CT. In a control group of subjects, homogeneous with the test group, momethasone furoate nasal spray was administered at a dose of 100 mcg per nostril/die and loratadin tablets 10 mg/die. The results obtained in the patients treated with montelukast were analogous with those obtained in the second group, and during follow-up all patients showed total absence of any local recurrence, good nasal patency and no significant nasal symptom score on the questionnaire. In no case did the comparative CT, performed after the seventh month, show any signs of recurrence. The patients taking the montelukast reported a significant reduction in the use of steroids and bronchodilator inhalants during the course of the study than did the second group; indeed the number of asthmatic episodes dropped and they reported an improvement in the quality of life. Based on these results, the authors suggest that the use of montelukast in the treatment of post-surgical NP recurrences in ASA Syndrome is possible and advisable, even in synergetic association with the treatment administered to the second group. The positive results also support the hypothesis of altered arachidonic acid metabolism and call attention to the role of cysteinyl-LT in the pathogenesis of the ASA Syndrome.

Authors+Show Affiliations

A.C.O. San Filippo Neri, Unità Operativa di Otorinolaringoiatria, Roma. ldirienzo@tiscalinet.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

ita

PubMed ID

11284261

Citation

Di Rienzo, L, et al. "[Antileukotrienes in the Prevention of Postoperative Recurrence of Nasal Polyposis in ASA Syndrome]." Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica : Organo Ufficiale Della Societa Italiana Di Otorinolaringologia E Chirurgia Cervico-facciale, vol. 20, no. 5, 2000, pp. 336-42.
Di Rienzo L, Artuso A, Cerqua N. [Antileukotrienes in the prevention of postoperative recurrence of nasal polyposis in ASA syndrome]. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2000;20(5):336-42.
Di Rienzo, L., Artuso, A., & Cerqua, N. (2000). [Antileukotrienes in the prevention of postoperative recurrence of nasal polyposis in ASA syndrome]. Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica : Organo Ufficiale Della Societa Italiana Di Otorinolaringologia E Chirurgia Cervico-facciale, 20(5), 336-42.
Di Rienzo L, Artuso A, Cerqua N. [Antileukotrienes in the Prevention of Postoperative Recurrence of Nasal Polyposis in ASA Syndrome]. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2000;20(5):336-42. PubMed PMID: 11284261.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Antileukotrienes in the prevention of postoperative recurrence of nasal polyposis in ASA syndrome]. AU - Di Rienzo,L, AU - Artuso,A, AU - Cerqua,N, PY - 2001/4/4/pubmed PY - 2001/7/4/medline PY - 2001/4/4/entrez SP - 336 EP - 42 JF - Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica : organo ufficiale della Societa italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale JO - Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital VL - 20 IS - 5 N2 - There is a high incidence of post-surgical recurrences of nasal polyps (NP) in patients suffering from the ASA Syndrome. The numerous theories as to the pathogenesis of the ASA Syndrome include an increase in lipoxygenase-mediated arachidonic acid metabolism, with the subsequent hyperproduction of leukotrienes (LT), and an inhibition of the cycloxygenase. Therefore, based on the information acquired on the immunobiological action mechanism of montelukast, a cysteinyl-LT receptor antagonist, it appeared worth testing the effectiveness of this substance in preventing post-surgical NP recurrences in a group of ASA Syndrome patients. After taking a case history, filling out a questionnaire scoring nasal symptoms, undergoing rhinoendoscopy and rhinomanometry, 40 patients suffering from ASA-Syndrome and NP (age range 30-72 years) were recruited for the study. They were uniformly classified according to Lund and Mackay using high resolution CT of the nose and paranasal sinuses performed after at least 1 month of nasal medical treatment. All the patients underwent microendoscopic anterior-posterior ethmoidectomy and bilateral maxillary antrostomy. After removing the nasal packing, the only treatment administered was 10 mg of montelukast/die for 6 months, with the drug suspended for 1 months after the first 3 months of treatment. The monthly follow-up included rhinoendoscopy, rhinomanometry and the questionnaire to score symptoms. After the seventh month a new CT was performed and compared with the pre-operative CT. In a control group of subjects, homogeneous with the test group, momethasone furoate nasal spray was administered at a dose of 100 mcg per nostril/die and loratadin tablets 10 mg/die. The results obtained in the patients treated with montelukast were analogous with those obtained in the second group, and during follow-up all patients showed total absence of any local recurrence, good nasal patency and no significant nasal symptom score on the questionnaire. In no case did the comparative CT, performed after the seventh month, show any signs of recurrence. The patients taking the montelukast reported a significant reduction in the use of steroids and bronchodilator inhalants during the course of the study than did the second group; indeed the number of asthmatic episodes dropped and they reported an improvement in the quality of life. Based on these results, the authors suggest that the use of montelukast in the treatment of post-surgical NP recurrences in ASA Syndrome is possible and advisable, even in synergetic association with the treatment administered to the second group. The positive results also support the hypothesis of altered arachidonic acid metabolism and call attention to the role of cysteinyl-LT in the pathogenesis of the ASA Syndrome. SN - 0392-100X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11284261/[Antileukotrienes_in_the_prevention_of_postoperative_recurrence_of_nasal_polyposis_in_ASA_syndrome]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -